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18th Century Medical and Scientific

Everything to do with medicine, apothecary-physicians, dental, medical and scientific research and instrumentation.

18th Century Medical and Scientific

  • 219 Pins

The Prince de Conti's Planetary Clock. This remarkable Louis XVI Ormolu Planetary Clock (‘Sphère Mouvante’) — the movement by Jean-Michel Mabille and the sphere by Martin Baffert —circa 1770, is a tour de force of horological complexity. It is so charged with technology that it may be viewed as an elite 18th century equivalent of the innovative 21st century products of Silicon Valley or the best watchmakers of today.

A chair fit for a queen

Surgery Plate from the Octavo edition of Diderot's Encyclopédie, 1770s.

Surgery Plate from Octavo Edition

Nécessaire de mathématiques, mid 18th C. | Réunion des Musées Nationaux-Grand Palais -

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Delft blue and white drug jar, ca. 1730, with a large cartouche surrounded by peacocks and floral swags, inscribed U Populeum, signed Johannes Pennis, 10 1/2'' h.

89: Delft blue and white drug jar, ca. 1730, with a : Lot 89

William Cullen, who died in 1790 aged nearly 80, a physician, chemist and agriculturalist, was one of the most important professors at the Edinburgh Medical School, during its heyday the leading centre for medical education in the English-speaking world. As the most influential medical lecturer of his generation, he drew thousands of students to the Medical School, and people wrote to him from across the globe for advice and treatments.

Physician's letters reveal the health and diet secrets of the 1780s - and it is not pretty

A FRUITWOOD, STEEL AND WROUGHT IRON WHEEL CHAIR, LOUIS XVI [Fauteuil de malade en bois fruitier, fer forgé et acier d'époque Louis XVI] | Lot | Sotheby's

Fauteuil de malade en bois fruitier, fer forgé et acier d'époque Louis XVI | Lot

Rare Carved And Polychromed Wood “Gaper” Dutch. 17th/18th Century. Gapers are gaudily painted heads that hang high above the entrances of druggists’ shops in the lowlands Amsterdam was once the gaper capital of the Netherlands with hundreds to let passersby know that the druggist is dispensing medicines and herbs.

Photograph of an early brass, steel, glass and stained ivory universal double microscope from 1740s

Reading, writing, drawing and making in the 18th-century instrument trade

An air pump and condenser from 1761, made from mahogany, brass, glass, leather and iron

Reading, writing, drawing and making in the 18th-century instrument trade

A mid 18th-Century Continental mahogany domestic medicine chest with ornamental brass strap-work and inlay, of trunk style with domed lid and double doors to the front, the interior with marquetry decoration throughout and fenestrations to reveal contents of bottles, the doors with two drawers surmounted by fitted area housing four bottles, the central upper section partitioned to house a further five similar bottles and two silver canisters...

Outstanding collection of obstetrical models, realized by Giovan Battista Manfredini in Modena between 1773 and 1775 Anatomical Museum in Modena (Italy) www.museianatomic...

Nautilus - Catalogo

Six 18th-Century English Delft footed, shallow-cupped ointment-pots, of differing sizes, three with blue stylized foliage decoration, one inscribed in blue for Fisher & Co. 112/8 Conduit Street Hanover Sqr and another for Waller & Son Guilford, and one plain - largest 4.5cm. (1¾in.) high and 2.6cm. (1in.) high; and two 18th-Century English Delft rouge pots, of cup-shape - both 2.1cm. ( 7/8in.) high (8)

Taraxacum officinale Dandelion William Kilburn (1745-1818)

William Kilburn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Two metal buttons showing an enema treatment, Germany, C 1701 (?) "An enema introduces liquids such as medications or purgatives into the body via the rectum – a once very common medical procedure. This enema was clearly aimed at flushing out the body as the button on the right shows the patient on a chamber pot watched by the physician. Not much is known about why the buttons were made or who might have worn them." Wellcome Institute

The Smile Revolution by Prof. Colin Jones. The emergence of the smile of sensibility owed something to scientific innovation as well as to cultural trends. Modern dentistry emerged at precisely this time, with Paris as its most brilliant champion. Portrait is a self portrait of Elisabeth-Louise Vigée-Le Brun and her daughter.

English domestic medicine chest, Mahogany, mid 18thCentury, 'spice cupboard' style on a custom built Regency stand. Medicine chest has applied silver fittings, and 84 drawers with ebonised lining and silver ring pulls. The armourial bears the arms of Henry Dawkins of Over Norton Oxfordshire and Standlynch Park Wiltshire and Lady Juliana Colyear who married in 1759. It has been suggested the chest may have been a wedding gift. The Domestic Medicine Chest Collection of Dr Anne M. Young. Christies

Christie's Large Image

Peter the Great's (1672-1725) travelling medicine chest, Augsburg, Tobias Lenghardt and Hans Georg I Brenner, 1613–15, Wood, copper, steel, silver, glass, silk, velvet, braid; oil paint on copper, ebony veneer, gilding. 39.5 x 41 x 32.5 cm © State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg

Trepanning drill, Western Europe, 1690-1720 Brass, steel, wood; gilding. 25 x 6.5 x 5 cm © State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg

Bullet extractor, Western Europe, 1690-1720 Steel, brass. L 21 cm © State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg

Your Ancestors Didn’t Sleep Like You: First and Second Sleep

Your Ancestors Didn’t Sleep Like You - SlumberWise
  • Desiree Eilander - van de Vlekkert
    Desiree Eilander - van de Vlekkert

    Very interesting

Great Article on 18th century spectacles from the College of Optometrists

Eighteenth century spectacles

3 - In 1791 George Pearson, a respected doctor and chemist of the time, determined that James's Fever powder was made of a mix of antimony and calcium phosphate. Because antimony is a toxic substance, the powder was deemed a contributing factor to the death of author Oliver Goldsmith in 1774. 4- In addition to single-use packets, the medicine was also one of the first to be distributed in a multidose bottle. © Wellcome Library, London

Dr. James Fever Powder, circa 1746 | The Scientist Magazine®

Dr. James’s fever powder, patented by English physician Robert James, claimed to cure fevers and various other maladies, from gout and scurvy to distemper in cattle. Introduced in 1746, 1 - To safeguard his secret formula for the fever powder, James submitted a fake patent application that didn’t reveal the proper way the powder was created and formulated. 2 - When James died in 1776, his manufacturing and marketing partner John Newbery inherited the patent and continued to sell the powder.

Dr. James Fever Powder, circa 1746 | The Scientist Magazine®

Cyanometer—18thC instrument designed to measure the blueness of the sky invented in 1789 by Swiss physicist Horace-Bénédict de Saussure and German naturalist Alexander von Humboldt, who used the circular array of 53 shaded sections in experiments above the skies over Geneva, Chamonix and Mont Blanc. The Cyanometer helped lead to a successful conclusion that the blueness of the sky is a measure of transparency caused by the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere.

Mud baths. Women taking mud baths in the 18th century, watched by James Graham (died 1794), a Scottish medical fraudster. Bathing in mineral water and mud was prescribed for many types of ailments, though the rich and famous also used bathing houses as social centres. Graham's "earth- bathing" was one of a number of medical frauds that he carried out in London. He claimed that bathers could prolong their physical beauty by bathing at his establishment. Graham died insane in Scotland.

  • Linda Welch
    Linda Welch

    Haha, so he was a pervert! :P He was actually partially right in that mud masks are great for your complexion.

  • Lucinda Brant Author
    Lucinda Brant Author

    Agree on both counts! : )