Gold, sapphire, and diamond tiara from the early 1900’s. This piece is designed as a series of thirteen graduated stylized ribbon and scroll elements. The ribbons and scrolls are set with circular-, single-cut, cushion-shaped and oval diamonds and each highlighted in the center with an oval sapphire. Via Diamonds in the Library.
Margaret Brooke, the younger of the Brooke twins, married Sir Thomas Sondes of Throwley, Kent. Soon after, she began to show signs of madness. She gave birth to a daughter, which her husband did not want to recognize. Margaret was given an exorcism session, then she was taken from her house and had to spend her days in the care of strangers. This detail of Margaret is from the Cobham family portrait, painted in 1567. Margaret is shown holding a pet marmoset.
Pope Gregory the Great leads a litany procession in Rome in 590, praying for an end to the first pandemic plague. This miniature from the Tres Riches Heures of the duc de Berry (early 15th century) was painted by Pol Limbourg, whose brothers Hermann and Jan, witnessed similar proceedings in Paris during the Black Death.
Plague doctor, 1656, uncredited. "A primitive gas mask in the shape of a bird’s beak. It was believed that the plague was spread by birds and that by dressing in a bird-like mask, the wearer could draw the plague away from the patient and onto the garment. The mask also included red glass eyepieces, which were thought to make the wearer impervious to evil. The beak was often filled with strongly aromatic herbs and spices to overpower the miasmas or “bad air” thought to carry the plague.
Mrs. Mary Couchman, a 24-year-old warden of a small Kentish Village, shields three little children, among them her son, as bombs fall during an air attack on October 18, 1940. The three children were playing in the street when the siren suddenly sounded. Bombs began to fall as she ran to them and gathered the three in her arms, protecting them with her body. Complimented on her bravery, she said, "Oh, it was nothing. Someone had to look after the children."
After Henry successfully divorced Katherine, she still refused to give up her status as Queen. As a result, he sent her to live at Kimbolton Castle, where she lived out her final years, living in one room, leaving only for mass and dressed in a hair shirt of the Order of St. Francis. She died on 7 January 1536. Although very different in appearance since Tudor times, Kimbolton is now used as a school and according to legend, is haunted by Katherine's spirit.
A walk around Hiroshima's Peace Memorial Museum. A 3-year-old boy was riding this tricycle in front of his house when the bomb hit. He was badly burned and died that night. His father, feeling his son was too young to be buried in a lonely grave away from home, and thinking he could still play with the tricycle, buried his son with the tricycle in his backyard. Forty years later, he dug up the boy's remains to transfer them to the family grave, and donated the tricycle to the museum.
These chilling images were taken during London’s Great Smog of ’52. For four days the city of London was blanketed by a poisonous smog that reduced visibility to a few yards and led to an estimated 12,000 fatalities. From NPR: Roads were littered with abandoned cars. Midday concerts were cancelled due to total darkness. Archivists at the British Museum found smog lurking in the book stacks.
-- President John F. Kennedy spelled out the mission clearly in his 1961 speech committing the United States to send humans to the moon and back by the end of the decade. He left no doubt about the definition of success and laid out a clear vision.
Margaret Tudor, eldest daughter of Henry VII. and Elizabeth of York. Born: 29 November 1489 Westminster Palace. Died: 18 October 1541 Methven Castle, Scotland. Married James IV. of Scotland 8 August, 1503 at Holyrood House in Edinburgh – Margaret was 13 and James was 30.
Princess Mary Tudor, youngest daughter of Henry VII. and Elizabeth of York. Born 8 March 1496 Died 25 June 1533. She is seen here with her second husband, her choice, Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. She married first Louis XII. of France on October 09, 1514. Louis died on January 01, 1515.