The Earliest Printing was Stamped into Soft Clay in Mesopotamia (Circa 2,291 BCE – 2,254 BCE)

The Earliest Printing was Stamped into Soft Clay in Mesopotamia (Circa 2,291 BCE – 2,254 BCE)

Amongst a collection of medical oddities housed at the Surgeons’ Hall Museum in Edinburgh lies a tattered pocketbook. It is dark brown—nearly black—with a pebbled texture and gold lettering that has begun to fade with age. Upon closer inspection, the words ‘EXECUTED 28 JAN 1829’ and ‘BURKE’S SKIN POCKET BOOK’ come into focus, revealing the item’s true origins. This is a book bound in the skin of William Burke, the notorious murderer and body snatcher of Burke & Hare fame.

Amongst a collection of medical oddities housed at the Surgeons’ Hall Museum in Edinburgh lies a tattered pocketbook. It is dark brown—nearly black—with a pebbled texture and gold lettering that has begun to fade with age. Upon closer inspection, the words ‘EXECUTED 28 JAN 1829’ and ‘BURKE’S SKIN POCKET BOOK’ come into focus, revealing the item’s true origins. This is a book bound in the skin of William Burke, the notorious murderer and body snatcher of Burke & Hare fame.

the "Codex Gigas", or Devil's Bible.  Named because of the large hand painted image of the devil.  it is a Bible.  Dates from the middle ages.  One of the world's most mysterious books.

the "Codex Gigas", or Devil's Bible. Named because of the large hand painted image of the devil. it is a Bible. Dates from the middle ages. One of the world's most mysterious books.

The Edwin Smith papyrus, the world’s oldest surviving surgical document. Written in hieratic script in ancient Egypt around 1600 B.C., the text describes anatomical  observations and the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of  48 types of medical problems in exquisite detail. Among the treatments  described are closing wounds with sutures, preventing and curing  infection with honey and moldy bread, stopping bleeding with raw meat...

The Edwin Smith papyrus, the world’s oldest surviving surgical document. Written in hieratic script in ancient Egypt around 1600 B.C., the text describes anatomical observations and the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of 48 types of medical problems in exquisite detail. Among the treatments described are closing wounds with sutures, preventing and curing infection with honey and moldy bread, stopping bleeding with raw meat...

The Edwin Smith papyrus, the world’s oldest surviving surgical document. Written in hieratic script in ancient Egypt around 1600 B.C., the text describes anatomical  observations and the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of  48 types of medical problems in exquisite detail. Among the treatments  described are closing wounds with sutures, preventing and curing  infection with honey and moldy bread, stopping bleeding with raw meat...

The Edwin Smith papyrus, the world’s oldest surviving surgical document. Written in hieratic script in ancient Egypt around 1600 B.C., the text describes anatomical observations and the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of 48 types of medical problems in exquisite detail. Among the treatments described are closing wounds with sutures, preventing and curing infection with honey and moldy bread, stopping bleeding with raw meat...

On February 7th 1947, the Dead Sea Scrolls, which date from around 150 BC – AD 68, were discovered in some caves near the Jordan River. The 900 scrolls, which are made of leather and papyrus, make up three types of documents – texts from the Hebrew Bible, books from the Old Testament and documents including some poems and a book of community rules. They are considered of great religious and historical significance and are now kept in Jerusalem.

On February 7th 1947, the Dead Sea Scrolls, which date from around 150 BC – AD 68, were discovered in some caves near the Jordan River. The 900 scrolls, which are made of leather and papyrus, make up three types of documents – texts from the Hebrew Bible, books from the Old Testament and documents including some poems and a book of community rules. They are considered of great religious and historical significance and are now kept in Jerusalem.

A1008   Anonymous   Angels, Saints and the Four Evangelists   Book-cover ca. 1506 (The Book of the Gospels)   Silver-gilt 28.9 x 20.7 cm   The British Museum   London, UK   Inv. nr. WB.88

A1008 Anonymous Angels, Saints and the Four Evangelists Book-cover ca. 1506 (The Book of the Gospels) Silver-gilt 28.9 x 20.7 cm The British Museum London, UK Inv. nr. WB.88

The gold tablet was found during an excavation around the city of Ashur, now Qual'at Serouat, Iraq, by a team of German archeologists led by Walter Andrae. The inscribed tablet, which was discovered in the foundation of the Ishta Temple, is actually a construction document, according to the judge. It dates to the reign of the Assyrian King Tukulti-Ninurta I (1243-1207 BCE) who expanded the Assyrian empire but was later killed by his son.

The gold tablet was found during an excavation around the city of Ashur, now Qual'at Serouat, Iraq, by a team of German archeologists led by Walter Andrae. The inscribed tablet, which was discovered in the foundation of the Ishta Temple, is actually a construction document, according to the judge. It dates to the reign of the Assyrian King Tukulti-Ninurta I (1243-1207 BCE) who expanded the Assyrian empire but was later killed by his son.

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