This is Jeanne Calment. She passed away in 1997 at the age of 122 years and 164 days old. She learned to fence at 85, and was still riding a bicycle at 100. At 113 she was known as the last living person to have personally met vincent van gogh! She lived alone until 110 and was able to walk upright until almost 115.
"Yours as long as life endures..." This is the only surviving letter from Katherine Howard, Henry VIII's fifth wife. She wrote this ill-advised letter to Thomas Culpepper, a gentleman of her husband's Privy Chamber.