The four sons of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert: Prince Albert, later Edward VII, Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, later Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, and Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
Victoria 1837-1901. Married her cousin Albert and they had 9 children. Her reign saw the beginning of the Industrial revolution. The British Empire stretched all around the world, and was at its largest while she was Queen. Victoria was made Empress of India.
John Brown sits for a portrait c. 1850. He was the personal attendant to Queen Victoria who often stayed at Balmoral, her Highland retreat, after the death of her beloved Prince Albert in 1861. The Queen and her ghillie John Brown became such close friends that their relationship caused scandal throughout the court and government of the time. Brown served with her for 18 years before he died at Windsor.
The Victorian era was a golden age, for the middle class. The huge army of clerks worked from nine to four, or ten to five. For those without a grouse moor, a family seaside holiday in Brighton or Margate could be just as refreshing.