Matchgirls participating in a strike against Bryant & May in London, 1888. The strike was caused by the poor working conditions in the match factory, including fourteen-hour work days and the severe health complications of working with white phosphorus.
Chartism was a working class movement for political reform in Britain in the early 19th century which took its name from "the People's Charter" of 1838. On 10 April 1848, the Chartist Convention organised a mass meeting on Kennington Common (now Kennington Park). As many as 150,000 may have attended. The aim was to form a procession to present a petition to Parliament against the lack of representation of the working class.
Timothy Long examines shoes worn by the babies of Queen Victoria, who were born between 1840 and 1857