Lisbon first grew to prominence around 1200 B.C. as a base for Phoenician trading ships. When it was conquered by the Romans in the 2nd C. B.C., they built up the city, which they called Olisipo, with temples, baths and theaters. Lisbon was conquered by Muslim invaders in A.D. 711 but recaptured by Christian forces in the 12th C. Lisbon was a central port during the Age of Exploration, built up with wealth from Portugal’s far-flung empire in Brazil, Africa, India and Southeast Asia.
Portugal’s Oldest Skull Adds to Puzzle of Human Evolution
Virtual reconstruction of the Aroeira 3 cranium in frontal (A), posterior (B), superior (C), and endocranial (D) views. The frontal sinus in D is exposed in a parasagittal section located 4 mm to the right of the sagittal plane.