American History Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)
It wasn't until 1862 that the Union Army made strict rules about uniforms. Uniform coats and jackets were made of dark blue material. Pants were also dark blue. When the Civil War started in 1861, the Confederate Army did not have one style of uniform for all soldiers. By the end of the war, they followed Alabama's style. Soldiers wore short gray tunics with green trim. Pants were light blue for enlisted men and dark blue for high-ranking officers.
Charles Berry Senior was born in England in 1845, and moved to the United States, near Rock Falls, Iowa, when he was 12 years old. At the age of 19, he enlisted in the Seventh Iowa Infantry, at Plymouth, Iowa, in February of 1864. Charles remained in service for a year and a half, participating in General Sherman's four month campaign against Atlanta in the summer of 1864.
Letters Home from an Iowa Soldier in the American Civil War: These letters are part of a collection written by Newton Robert Scott, Private, Company A, of the 36th Infantry, Iowa Volunteers. Most of the letters were written to Scott's neighborhood friend Hannah Cone, in their home town of Albia, Monroe County, Iowa, over the three year period that he served as Company A's clerk.
In 1861, when the Civil War began, Brady sent his Washington photographers out into the field, in part to acquire portraits of military leaders. Later, both Brady and Gardner claimed credit for photographing the war in all its phases. In fact, countless photographers followed the army, though most were only interested in the profits that came from making portraits for soldiers to send back home.
Reconstruction: The Second Civil War offers insights into topics in American history including the Civil War, slavery, abolition, race relations, definitions of freedom and citizenship, civil rights, black suffrage and election to political office, impeachment, regional political differences, nationbuilding after war, the cotton economy, sharecropping, federal government intervention in the states, and more.
The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center opened in August 2004 on the banks of the Ohio River in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio. Our purpose is to tell the story of the struggle for freedom in the United States through exhibits and programs that focus on America's battle to rid itself of the ugly scourge of slavery and treat all its citizens with respect and dignity.
Teaching with Historic Places offers a series of more than 140 classroom-ready lesson plans that use historic sites as a means for exploring American history. Educators and their students can work through these online lesson plans directly on the computer or print them out and photocopy them for distribution.