Preload is the stretch. The amount of volume being returned to the right side of the heart from systemic circulation. Afterload is the squeeze. The amount of resistance the left side of the heart has to overcome in order to eject blood.
Free Test Bank for Dosage Calculations A Multi Method Approach by Giangrasso wipes out your exam stress and improves your knowledge throughout friendly sample questions with sharp focus on chapter key points!
by Kimberly Allen, RN In the past chronic kidney disease, or CK,D went by other names like chronic renal failure and chronic renal disease. Today, CKD is used as an umbrella term to cover a variety of structural and functional conditions that lead to kid