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There are many different methods used for contraception. Some methods such as abstinence, withdrawal and condoms, must be used for each sexual encounter. Other methods such as oral contraceptives, injections and IUDs allow for more spontaneity. Women and couples need to decide whether they want long term protection or want to use something on a per sexual encounter basis. Cost and pros and cons of each method should also be considered.
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Abstinence, the only method that is 100% effective in controlling pregnancy and STIs, can have different meanings. For some, it means absolutely no sexual contact at all and for others it means to avoid penetration. A disadvantage to this method would be for those that  rely solely on abstaining from intercourse. If the couple should then find themselves in a situation where they choose not to abstain, they may have no other means of protection against pregnancy or STIs available.

Abstinence, the only method that is 100% effective in controlling pregnancy and STIs, can have different meanings. For some, it means absolutely no sexual contact at all and for others it means to avoid penetration. A disadvantage to this method would be for those that rely solely on abstaining from intercourse. If the couple should then find themselves in a situation where they choose not to abstain, they may have no other means of protection against pregnancy or STIs available.

This contraception, administered by a physician, is a progestin-only injection that is given every 12 weeks to prevent pregnancy. Like the "pill" it inhibits the production of FSH and LH therefor suppressing ovulation. This method is highly effective with a perfect use showing on 0.02%  a year becoming pregnant. The only way a typical user can not use this method correctly is if they fail to receive the next dose. Injections only offer protection against pregnancy they do not prevent STIs.

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This contraception, administered by a physician, is a progestin-only injection that is given every 12 weeks to prevent pregnancy. Like the "pill" it inhibits the production of FSH and LH therefor suppressing ovulation. This method is highly effective with a perfect use showing on 0.02% a year becoming pregnant. The only way a typical user can not use this method correctly is if they fail to receive the next dose. Injections only offer protection against pregnancy they do not prevent STIs.

When used correctly condoms, which are usually made of latex, are a highly effective contraceptive. Effectiveness for perfect use is 98% and 82% for typical use. Perfect use includes using a different condom for every  sexual act, from beginning to end and wearing it correctly. The user should also be aware of how to correctly store condoms and to check expiration dates. This is an inexpensive contraceptive that does not require a prescription. Disadvantage is men experience reduced…

When used correctly condoms, which are usually made of latex, are a highly effective contraceptive. Effectiveness for perfect use is 98% and 82% for typical use. Perfect use includes using a different condom for every sexual act, from beginning to end and wearing it correctly. The user should also be aware of how to correctly store condoms and to check expiration dates. This is an inexpensive contraceptive that does not require a prescription. Disadvantage is men experience reduced…

Since 1993 female condoms have been available without a prescription for a reasonable price. Perfect use rates show 95% effectiveness while typical use is 79% for preventing pregnancies. This single use product has an advantage over the male condom, it can be inserted up to eight hours prior to intercourse allowing for spontaneity. Disadvantage- may be difficult to insert and may make distracting noises during intercourse.

8 Things You Don't Know About Female Condoms

Since 1993 female condoms have been available without a prescription for a reasonable price. Perfect use rates show 95% effectiveness while typical use is 79% for preventing pregnancies. This single use product has an advantage over the male condom, it can be inserted up to eight hours prior to intercourse allowing for spontaneity. Disadvantage- may be difficult to insert and may make distracting noises during intercourse.

Oral contraceptives, which require a doctor visit and prescription, are hormone pills that are taken daily to prevent pregnancy. They offer an efficacy rate 99.7% in perfect use. This is pregnancy protection only. It is advisable to take the pill at approximately the same time every day. Typical users may miss a dose, resulting in doubling up or skipping the dose entirely, which decreases effectiveness to 92%. Women should weigh the risks and advantages to see if this is the right option.

How Does the Birth Control Pill Work?

Oral contraceptives, which require a doctor visit and prescription, are hormone pills that are taken daily to prevent pregnancy. They offer an efficacy rate 99.7% in perfect use. This is pregnancy protection only. It is advisable to take the pill at approximately the same time every day. Typical users may miss a dose, resulting in doubling up or skipping the dose entirely, which decreases effectiveness to 92%. Women should weigh the risks and advantages to see if this is the right option.

IUDs are one of the most effective contraceptive devices available and are inserted by a physician into the uterus. Once inserted the IUD is effective for 10 years. Perfect and typical use rates are nearly the same, less than 1 birth per 100 per year, as there is nothing for the woman to do except to check the strings to make sure the device is still properly in place, making this a highly effective method. These devices must be removed by a physician and fertility will resume immediately.

9 Things You Need to Know About IUDs

IUDs are one of the most effective contraceptive devices available and are inserted by a physician into the uterus. Once inserted the IUD is effective for 10 years. Perfect and typical use rates are nearly the same, less than 1 birth per 100 per year, as there is nothing for the woman to do except to check the strings to make sure the device is still properly in place, making this a highly effective method. These devices must be removed by a physician and fertility will resume immediately.

Withdrawal, or coitus interruptus, is when you stop having intercourse by removing the penis before ejaculation. While this method, if performed correctly, is highly effective in preventing pregnancy, a chance of 4 pregnancies per 100 per year, it is not effective for preventing STIs. The problem with this method is in typical use, when men may ejaculate prior to removal which lowers the efficacy to 22 pregnancies per 100 per year.

Withdrawal, or coitus interruptus, is when you stop having intercourse by removing the penis before ejaculation. While this method, if performed correctly, is highly effective in preventing pregnancy, a chance of 4 pregnancies per 100 per year, it is not effective for preventing STIs. The problem with this method is in typical use, when men may ejaculate prior to removal which lowers the efficacy to 22 pregnancies per 100 per year.

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