Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.
Elizabeth Kotromanic of Bosnia (c. 1339 - January 1387) was the daughter of Ban Stephen II of Bosnia who became queen of Hungary upon her marriage to Louis I, King of Hungary and Poland, in 1353. The Crown of Elizabeth Kotromanic of Bosnia in Zadar, was given by Louis I of Hungary to St. Simeon shrine in Zadar, Croatia.