A map of early Indo-Iranian migration and the spread of Indo-Iranian languages. This map is based on the hypothesis of symmetric wave expansion from central foci with further migration along most suitable geographical routes. (Prepared in 2006-2007, minor corrections 03/2012)
One of the most fascinating yet mysterious cultures of the ancient world is the Harappan Civilization. This culture existed along the Indus River in present-day Pakistan and India. It was named after the city of Harappa which it was centered around. Harappa and the city of Mohenjo-Daro were the greatest achievements of the Indus valley civilization. These cities are well known for their impressive, organized and regular layout, road and street network, drainage and step-wells for water.