The "Trail of Tears". In 1837, the "Indian Removal Policy" began to implement the 1830 act of Congress, signed by President Andrew Jackson, who said "that the only good Indian is a dead Indian". The forced march, consisted of about twenty Native American tribes that included "Five Civilized Tribes" (Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Seminole). They were pushed into "Indian Territory" (which later became Oklahoma).
Paha Ska, of Keystone, S.D., an Elder of the Oglala Sioux tribe from the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, holds an original Indian Peace Medal that were given out by the Lewis and Clark Expedition to Native American leaders between 1804-06.