Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (4 Feb. 1778 – 9 Sep. 1841) was a Swiss botanist. He established a new genus, and he went on to document hundreds of plant families and create a new natural plant classification system. Although Candolle's main focus was botany, he also contributed to related fields such as phytogeography, agronomy, paleontology, medical botany, and economic botany. biodiversitylibra...
Originally published in 1955--a history of early garden designers and explorers who introduced new plant species.
Alexander von Humboldt (September 14, 1769 – May 6, 1859) was a Prussian geographer, naturalist and explorer, whose quantitative work on botanical geography laid the foundation for the field of biogeography. Between 1799 and 1804, Humboldt travelled extensively in Latin America, exploring and describing it for the first time in a manner generally considered to be a modern scientific point of view. en.wikipedia.org/...
Swedish Botanist and Doctor: Carl Peter Thunberg (1743 – 1828). Known for his exploration in South Africa and Japan.
Frank Meyer (right) converses with renowned plant explorer Dr. David Fairchild. At the young age of 22, Fairchild helped to create the USDA's Office of Foreign Seed and Plant Introduction where he served as chairman from 1904-28. Throughout Meyer's travels, Fairchild was a guiding force, providing insight and support through his letters.
Frank Nicholas Meyer (1875-1918) was an United States Department of Agriculture explorer who traveled to Asia to collect new plant species. He introduced 2,500 plants into the United States. The Meyer lemon was named in his honor. Through an arrangement with Charles Sprague Sargent and David Fairchild, Meyer sent trees and shrubs of ornamental value to the Arnold Arboretum . They archived images he collected of his travels. Meyer died near Shanghai in 1918.
French botanist Jeanne Baret’s (sometimes spelled Baré or Barret) life sounds like it has the makings of a compelling film. The explorer disguised herself as a man and set out on a journey that would make her the first woman to circumnavigate the globe. That was two centuries ago and she’s just now getting recognition, not to mention a plant species named in her honor.
Robert Fortune a Scottish gardener,botanist,plant hunter - & industrial spy was engaged to make a clandestine trip into the interior of China by the East India Company- territory forbidden to foreigners - to steal the closely guarded secrets of tea.For centuries,China had been the world's sole tea manufacturer.The East India Company as the middleman,was sinking,having lost its monopoly to trade tea.Its salvation,it thought,was to establish its own plantations in the Himalayas of British India.
" While I was conducting experiments to make 'spine-less' cactus, I often talked to the plants to create a vibration of love. 'You have nothing to fear,' I would tell them. 'You don't need your defensive thorns.I will protect you.' Gradually the useful plant of the desert emerged in a thorn less variety." -Luther Burbank quote
Luther Burbank (7 March 1849 – 11 April 1926) American botanist, horticulturist and a pioneer in agricultural science. He developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants over his 55-year career. Burbank's varied creations included fruits, flowers, grains, grasses, and vegetables. He grew up on a farm and received only an elementary school education.