componium aerophone The componium is an orchestrion built by Diederich Nicolaus Winkel in Amsterdam in 1821 and here at the mim it sits pontifically enthroned in the middle of the Musicus Mechanicus floor. An orchestrion is a mechanical instrument which has designs on replacing a human orchestra. The componium does that with nine organ-stops (3 flute, piccolo, violin, salicional, gamba, quintadena and trumpets), a tambourine and a triangle.
1860 American (New York) Barrel piano at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York - From the curators' comments: "When the crank is turned, pins on a rotating cylinder engage hammers that strike the strings, playing any of ten tunes, including "Yankee Doodle." At the same time, a bell rings and the articulated figures move in time to the music. One figure deposits coins in a trough. Shown with front string cover panel removed."