what is BIOCHAR?
Biochar is a new word for an old idea: producing charcoal and adding it to the soil to make it more productive. I have a separate pinboard "Wood Gasification" which is related; volatile compounds in biomass may be gasified for energy, but you only get biochar if combustion air is closed off. All these images lead to well produced web pages and articles worth reading. Click through!
what is BIOCHAR?
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A great project in progress now that you can help make happen! Building a Sustainable Paradise by Bob Cirino - GoFundMe
when the temperature gets above 350 degrees, the high-molecular-weight hydrocarbons, the resins and asphaltenes, undergo a series of cracking and condensation reactions to form solid char, similar to the petroleum coke produced in refineries.
Rice University pyrolysed oil-contaminated soil to reduce total petroleum hydrocarbons below US federal standards, while leaving beneficial carbons. While this technology may not be used to grow food, they demonstrated success growing lettuce, which is recognized to be sensitive to hydrocarbon contamination.
Breathing new life into oil-contaminated soil | News
Paper mill byproducts made into biochar serve in 'totes' as filtration media for heavy metals in roof and storm water runoff. Efficiency is greater than expected: 99% of zinc and 95% of copper removed.
Water Runoff, Paper Mills, Industrial S Water, Articles, Copper Removal, Heavy Metal, News, Biochar Serving, Paper Corps
Biochar, a by-product of Port Townsend Paper Corp’s combustion process that otherwise might go to landfills, is washed and used to assemble industrial-size water filters installed at the Port of Port Townsend Boat Haven. There, the filters demonstrate that they can remove more than 99% zinc and 95% copper that otherwise might be streamed into Port Townsend Bay through stormwater runoff.
Paper mill 'biochar' may help filter Port water
Bob Cirino is "Biochar Bob". In a visit to the Via Organica Ranch near San Miguel, Mexico, he interviews Rachel Kastner and local farmers who are learning and applying ideas of regenerative agriculture, growing lots of healthy food in small spaces, and incorporating biochar in innovative ways like under turkey bedding where it controls ammonia and produces a rich composted product.
Healthy Food, Applying Ideas
Biochar Bob Goes to Mexico - Via Organica
By making biochar from brush and other hard to compost organic material, you can improve soil — it enhances nutrient availability and also enables soil to retain nutrients longer.
Organizations Gardens, Improvement Soil, Soil Fertility, Gardens Soil, Biochar Illustrations, Gardens Burning, Gardens Techniques, Gardens Boards, Improvement Gardens
Making Biochar to Improve Soil - Organic Gardening
Garden burning EB
You can increase your garden soils fertility by adding biochar. This soil-enhancing ingredient has been made for thousands of years in the Amazon. You can make it in your own garden by partially burning woody brush, making a kind of charcoal.
Making Biochar for improved garden soil
Making Biochar to Improve Soil
Dolph Cooke demonstrates biochar making for farm scale with the Moxham open barrel kiln. The "pyrolysis front" of flame consumes any unburned gases coming from the charring biomass at the bottom.
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Craig Sams' company Green & Black's makes chocolate from cacao grown in organic agroforestry in Belize, and biochar made from farm-scale retorts enhances the soil sustainably.
Organizations Agroforestri, Craig Sam, Farms Scal Retort, Cacao Farmers, Cacao Grown, Carbon Gold, Belize Cacao, Company Green, Green Living
Biochar is 'carbon gold' for Belize's cacao farmers - Green Living - The Ecologist
Biochar is 'carbon gold' for Belize's cacao farmers
Solar-Powered Toilet Unveiled - the product of a grant from the Gates Foundation, this equipment produces safe natural fertilizer from human waste, using biochar and solar heat. This addresses critical sanitation problems in many parts of the world which lack conventional sewage systems, and recycles the valuable nutrients that sewers waste.
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These Solar-Thermal Toilets Are Carbon-Sequestering Charcoal Factories
solar toilet colorado boulder New Sun Powered Toilet Aims to Stop Waterborne Diseases Around the World
Solar Powered Toilet Makes Biochar from Human Waste
Solar-Powered Toilet Unveiled
Organic by-product derived biochar, a greener option | Organic Farming | Scoop.it
Crop Products, Ads Biochar, Animal By Products, Biochar Farms, Biochar Super, By Products Derivatives, Vegetables Gardens, Gardens Ideal, Cash Crop
Adding biochar to soil during crop production both aids in soil carbon sequestration, and also improves the fertility, carbon content, and structure of the soil, improving crop yields.
Pro-Natura’s Biochar “Super Vegetable Gardens”
Organic by-product derived biochar, a greener o...
VermaChar is a biochar product inoculated with a material called Ambrosia which is enriched worm castings. It is produced and sold in the Los Angeles area.
Growing Worms, The Angel, Organic Compost, Photos Credit, Startups Worms, Biochar Products, Enrichment Worms, Products Inocul, Angel Startups
Photo credit: Christy Wilhelmi gardenerd.com
Startup Meets Los Angeles' Demand for Worm Castings
From Forbes Magazine, mainstream business attention: "Cool Planet: A Company That Makes Biochar And Gasoline"
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Cool Planet: A Company That Makes Biochar And Gasoline. Investors include GE, Exelon, NRG, ConocoPhillips, BP, and Google. They take any non-food biomass, grind it up and then use pressure and heat like mother nature does, and we do it in minutes versus years, to drive all the reactive gases out of the biomass. Then take it through a catalytic column, and then out of that get fuel – floating on water – and biochar.
Cool Planet: A Company That Makes Biochar And Gasoline
Frank Strie says Tasmania needs to develop a carbon economy with biochar at the centre of the state's 'clean energy' mix. "Yes, it is a revolution but a friendly one. It's far more than just looking at biochar as a single entity. It's part of a much bigger process, and it fits into organic farming, with a clean, green and clever image and land restoration."
Clean Energy, Bigger Process, Alternative Energy, Frank Strie, Organizations Farms, Land Restoration, Carbon Economy, Lights Sources, Clever Image
From Carbon Gold: "Biochar has in turn been proven to improve the health and survival rates of living trees, keeping more of our CO2 absorbing trees alive and strong." This article describes demonstration projects with soil enhancements including biochar.
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Biochar - helping trees stand strong when every carbon capturing leaf counts. - Landscape Hub
Cool Planet’s biochar production process features an extra step that tailors the biochar to best fit a particular application. As a result, field trials have shown Cool Terra can increase crop yields while reducing water and fertilizer inputs by as much as 50 percent.
Planets Biochar, Fields Trials, Fertility Input, Crop Yield, Products Process, Extra Step, Increase Crop, Biochar Products, Process Features
New England Biochar's new video on YouTube shows off their new integrated production facility including efficient use of process heat. Surprise ending!
Products Facile, Integration Products, England Biochar, New England, Facile Include, Includ Efficiency, Homesteads Dreams, Process Heat
New England Biochar
The future of sustainable livestock production is here, say Cambridge researchers. Not a biochar article, but biochar could contribute to these techniques.
Defin Agriculture, Agriculture Th Science, Future Cap, For The Future, Agriculture Term, Biochar Articles, Animal Products, Diver Industrial, Agroecosystem Includ
Agricultural Terms: Part I
What potential agroforestry holds for the future CAP? | CAP Reform
The future of sustainable livestock production is here, say Cambridge researchers
Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens. In this experiment, E.Coli cultures are tested for microbes' ability to signal each other in the presence of biochar with various characteristics. The goal is to provide a simple guide to tailor production temperatures for intended uses.
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Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens—Synthetic biologists at Rice probe biochar’s impact on microbial signaling
Synthetic biologists probe biochar's impact on microbial signaling
Biochar can interfere with chemical signals that some microbes use to communicate, including those used by plant pathogens to coordinate an attack. Biochar is charcoal that is produced—typically from waste wood, manure, or leaves—for use as a soil additive.
Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens
"Working on solutions to some of the world’s threatening environmental challenges and creating the world we want to live in is a thrilling opportunity. At Remineralize the Earth we are doing just that – working on research that has the potential to alleviate many of the environmental and agricultural problems humanity faces today, such as climate change, air pollution, unsustainable agriculture, and poor water quality."
Its Food, Fertility Restoration, Soil Fertility, Rocks Dust, Biochar Soil, Dennings Food, Ground Rocks, Environmental Challenges, Blog
Biochar and Rock Dust for Nutrient Dense Food, Soil Fertility Restoration, and Carbon Sequestration
Research project with rock dust and biochar at New Harmony Farm in West Newbury, MA. Ground rock powder weathers slowly, adding minerals to the soil over time. Resulting in a healthier and stronger plant. Compost is commonly used as another way of adding nutrients to the soil through degradation of organic materials and breaks down more quickly than rock dust. Biochar is known to have positive effects on soils with low fertility, slowing leaching of nutrients through the soil.
Kelpie Wilson writes about Baron Justus Liebig, who researched the applications of charcoal long before the age of industrial agriculture: "In the 19th century, the issues that biochar could help solve were related to health, disease, poverty, and above all, the recycling of human sewage to replenish the soil."
another video by Bob Cirino, also known as Biochar Bob. on a visit to Haiti where there's been time for the soil improved with biochar to show its productivity. "be cool to the planet!" Carbon Roots International