African women were involuntary immigrants to Jamestown. The privateer White Lion brought “20 and odd Negroes” in 1619. The 1620 census listed 17 African females among the settlement’s 928 residents. Over the ensuing centuries, the mingling of people from different cultures, classes, and conditions of servitude led to the development of America's distinctive culture.#womenshistory
Mary Church Terrell, (1863 – 1954), daughter of former slaves, was one of the first black women to earn a college degree. She became an activist who led several important associations, including the National Association of Colored Women, and worked for civil rights and suffrage. Active in the Republican Party, she was president of the Women's Republican League during W. G. Harding's 1920 presidential campaign and the first election in which all American women were given the right to vote.
Dr. Jane Cooke Wright (November 30, 1919 - February 19, 2013) was a physician specializing in cancer research and treatment, as was her father, Dr. Louis Tomkins Wright. She was a pioneer in the use of chemotherapy, especially in breast and skin cancers. She was director of cancer centers at Harlem Hospital and Bellevue, and served on the National Cancer Advisory Council. #TodayInBlackHistory
Ida B. Wells fought hard to shed light on the racism that still existed in the country after abolition. While living in Memphis, Tennessee, Wells wrote many essays on the terrible treatment of freed African Americans. This editorial focused on the lynching of three men that occurred in Memphis in 1892.
May Edward chin, daughter of the housekeeper for the Tiffany family of Tiffany Jewelry, was educated along with the employers children. Though she never got a high school diploma, she managed to obtain a medical degree and opened a practice serving the underserved and focusing on terminal illnesses like cancer. No hospital would hire her because of her race. | nwhm.org | National Women's History Museum | #WomensHistory #MayEdwardChin #BlackWomen #BlackHistory
Journalist Ida B. Wells was an avid suffragist and an early Civil Rights leader, who used the power of the pen to challenge racial & sexual discrimination. In 1892, Wells published “Southern Horrors: Lynch Laws in All Its Phases” a scathing exposé of lynching practices. In retaliation for her articles, a mob destroyed her Memphis printing press, and after numerous threats to her life, Wells moved to Chicago to continue her anti-lynching campaign. | nwhm.org | National Women's History Museum
Congresswoman Barbara Jordan’s incisive questioning during the Nixon impeachment trials earned her nationwide respect. Her work was recognized when, in 1976, she was invited to be the first African-American and the first woman to deliver the keynote speech at the Democratic National Convention. | nwhm.org | National Women's History Museum | #WomensHistory #BarbaraJordan #BlackWomen #BlackHistory
In 1775, the United States Postal Service was established and we’re highlighting Mary Fields (A.K.A. “Stagecoach Mary”). Fields was the first African-American woman mail carrier in the United States! She was the second American woman to work for USPS. Born a slave in Tennessee, Fields migrated west shortly after the Civil War. She was hired as a mail carrier in Montana in 1895. | nwhm.org | National Women's History Museum | #WomensHistory #MaryFields #BlackHistory #BlackWomen
On March 27, 1961, four female and five male Tougaloo College students, known as the Tougaloo Nine organized a read-in at the Jackson Municipal Library. After the group began to study in the whites only library, a staff member called the police and the nine students were arrested and jailed. Their actions helped launch Mississippi’s civil rights movement. Pictured: Janice Jackson, Evelyn Pierce, and Ethel Sawyer being arrested. nwhm.org | #WomensHistory #TougalooNine #BlackHistory