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African American Women
Celebrating African American women throughout history and their achievements!
African American Women
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September 6, 1853 - Women's Right's Convention met in New York City (Sept. 6th and 7th); Sojourner Truth was one of the speakers.
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Soujouner Truth - Black History Month
Sojourner Truth African-American abolitionist women's rights activist. former slave provided care for soldiers during the Civil War worked for the women's rights movement.
Sojourner Truth | c. 1797 – November 26, 1883) was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, Ulster County, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. After going to court to recover her son, she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man. Sojourner Truth was named Isabella Baumfree when she was born. She gave herself the name Sojourner Truth in 1843. Her best-known extemporaneous speech on gender inequalities, "Ain't I a Woman?", was delivered in 1851 at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. During the Civil War, Truth helped recruit black troops for the Union Army; after the war, she tried unsuccessfully to secure land grants from the federal government for former slaves. Truth became one of the first black women to go to court against a white man and win the case. Truth started dictating her memoirs to her friend Olive Gilbert, and in 1850 William Lloyd Garrison privately published her book, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave. That same year, she purchased a home in Northampton for $300, and spoke at the first National Women's Rights Convention in Worcester, Massachusetts. Truth spoke about abolition, women's rights, prison reform, and preached to the Michigan Legislature against capital punishment. Not everyone welcomed her preaching and lectures, but she had many friends and staunch support among many influential people at the time, including Amy Post, Parker Pillsbury, Frances Gage, Wendell Phillips, William Lloyd Garrison, Laura Smith Haviland, Lucretia Mott, Ellen G. White, and Susan B. Anthony. Several days before Sojourner Truth died, a reporter came from the Grand Rapids Eagle to interview her. "Her face was drawn and emaciated and she was apparently suffering great pain. Her eyes were very bright and mind alert although it was difficult for her to talk." Truth died on November 26, 1883, at her home in Battle Creek, Michigan. More than 3,000 people crowded into the Battle Creek Tabernacle to pay their last respects to the black heroine. Uriah Smith presided at the services. Ellen Bradbury Paulson, who attended the funeral, said of Sojourner Truth: "She was a good SDA." She was buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Battle Creek, beside other family members and many Seventh-day Adventist pioneers.
AKA Isabella Baumfree, Sojourner Truth was African American abolitionist & women’s rights activist; escaped slavery 1826 w/ her daughter. After escape, discovered her son had been illegally sold. Truth took the issue to court & won;1 of 1st African Americans to win case against a white man; became prolific speaker; gave famous “Ain’t I a Woman” speech at Ohio Women’s Rights Convention 1851; spoke @ suffragist Mob Convention, American Equal Rights Assn & 8th Anniv. of Negro Freedom.
America's History in the Making — Resource Archive
Spelman History is Women's History: Dr. Georgia Dwelle, HS'00 -- When she entered Meharry Medical College in 1900, Dwelle became the first Spelman graduate to attend medical school, and in 1920 she established the Dwelle Infirmary, Georgia's first general hospital for African Americans and its first obstetrical hospital for African American women.
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Dr. Georgia Rooks Dwelle (1884-1977) the daughter of a slave, was the first Spelman College graduate to attend medical school ultimately graduate with honors from Meharry Medical College in Nashville. Upon moving back to Atlanta she opened the Dwelle Infirmary, which was the first general hospital for blacks, the first "lying-in" obstetrical hospital for black women.
Dr. Georgia Dwelle, the first Spelman College alumna to attend medical school, established the Dwelle Infirmary in 1920 in Atlanta. It was Georgia's first general hospital for African Americans, and its first obstetrical hospital for African American women. The infirmary, which also featured a pediatric clinic, was Georgia's first venereal disease clinic for African Americans, and offered Atlanta's first "Mother's Club" for African American women. Dr. Dwelle faced considerable hardship and discrimination, yet she continued to believe that no profession was better suited to serve humanity than medicine and that "competent women physicians" could find or create their own opportunities within the profession if they had to. Dwelle made this argument in a speech before the Spelman Club of Atlanta in 1940, and again in an interview given to the Spelman Messenger in 1974. She spoke from experience, since her entire career was marked by creating her own opportunities for a career in medicine. Georgia Rooks Dwelle was born in 1884 in Albany, Georgia, the daughter of a slave who had bought freedom for himself and his mother. Her father was a founder of the Missionary Baptist Convention of Georgia and served many churches in northern Georgia, eventually becoming a trustee of Spelman Seminary in Atlanta. Georgia attended the Walker Baptist Institute, then the Spelman Seminary, graduating with an A.B. in 1900, finally at Meharry Medical College in Nashville. In order to catch up on premedical training, Georgia had to take extra courses at a nearby university and seek out special tutoring. Her diligence paid off, and she graduated with honors from Meharry in 1904. In fact, when she returned to Augusta and sat for the Georgia State Medical Board examination, she received the highest score that year and was cited for her "unusual ability and thoroughness." One of only three African-American women physicians in Georgia at that time, Dr. Dwelle practiced in Augusta for two years before moving setting up an obstetrical and pediatrics practice in Atlanta in 1906. After witnessing the terrible conditions in which many of Atlanta's poorest black residents lived, she was inspired to establish the Dwelle Infirmary at 14 Boulevard Avenue in northeast Atlanta. With only a few rented rooms and only two beds, it was both the first general hospital for African-Americans in Atlanta and the first "lying-in" obstetrical hospital for African-American women. In 1920, the Dwelle Infirmary was officially incorporated.
Black History Facts: Dr. Georgia Rooks Dwelle (1884-1977) the daughter of a slave, was the first Spelman College graduate to attend medical school ultimately graduate with honors from Meharry Medical College in Nashville. Upon moving back to Atlanta she opened the Dwelle Infirmary, which was the first general hospital for African-Americans, the first "lying-in" obstetrical hospital for African-American women.
Esther Popel, poet of the Harlem Renaissance and first known female African American graduate of Dickinson College in Carlisle, PA
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Esther Popel, poet of the Harlem Renaissance and first known female African American graduate of Dickinson College in Carlisle, PA #Dickinson #EstherPopel #HarlemRenaissance #Poet
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Mary McLeod Bethune, Ida B. Wells, Nannie Burroughs and other women at Baptist Women's gathering, Chicago.
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Mary McLeod Bethune, Ida B. Wells, Nannie Burroughs and other women at Baptist Women's gathering, Chicago. What a powerful image of the number of Black women meeting and getting the work done in our communities. Very Inspirational.
Oprah Winfrey - talk show host, actress, producer, philanthropist and entrepreneur. She has been ranked the richest African American of the 20th century and was for some time the world's only African American billionaire. Her famous show, "The Oprah Winfrey Show," was the highest-rated program of its kind in history.
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Billie Holiday - LOC
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Billie Holiday, in William Gottliebs Iconic Photos of Jazz Greats, 1938-1948 | Brain Pickings
Portrait of Billie Holiday, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Feb. 1947 via Golden Age of Jazz « Flickr Blog
Happy birthday, Billie Holiday! Lady Day would’ve been 97 today – remember her with William Gottlieb’s iconic portrait, 1947.
[Portrait of Billie Holiday, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Feb. 1947] / William P Gottlieb [graphic]:Image Enlargement: Performing Arts Encyclopedia, Library of Congress
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20th Century Masters: The Best Of Etta James (Millennium Collection) $3.99 #bestseller
RIP Etta James
Etta James. Thank you for some of the best Blues music ever
Marian Anderson Sings at Lincoln Memorial
Community: African American Opera Singers Are The Best Opera Singers In The World
Marian Anderson Sings at Lincoln Memorial
Hazel Scott - She was a musical prodigy and studied at the Julliard School from eight years old! Scott eventually became one of the most recognized jazz artists in the world. She also was the first woman of color to have her own television show, the Hazel Scott Show debuted in 1950.
Leontyne Price. On January 27, 1961, she debuted at the Metropolitan Opera as Leonora in Verdi’s Il Trovatore where she received a 42-minute ovation, one of the longest in the Met’s history. She has 15 Grammys for voice recordings, the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1964), the Kennedy Center Honors (1980), and the National Medal of Arts (1985).
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soprano opera singer, Leontyne Price
leontyne price - Google Search
The amazing soprano Leontyne Price is 86 (!) years old today
Leontyne Price. On January 27, 1961, she debuted at the Metropolitan Opera as Leonora in Verdi’s Il Trovatore where she received a 42-minute ovation, one of the longest in the Met’s history. She has 15 Grammys for voice recordings, the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1964), the Kennedy Center Honors (1980), and the National Medal of Arts (1985). ~Via LaTanya Stewart
Singer-Songwriter, Actress, Businesswoman, Humanitarian, and Author. Gladys Maria Knight aka the "Empress of Soul". Seven time Grammy Award Winner and lead vocalist of the hit soul group Gladys Knight and The Pips.
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Gladys Knight~Favorite female singer
AaSinger-Songwriter, Actress, Businesswoman, Humanitarian, and Author: Gladys Maria Knight aka the "Empress of Soul". Seven time Grammy Award Winner and lead vocalist of the hit soul group Gladys Knight and The Pips.
Ph.D. portrait of Sadie T.M. Alexander, 1921. The first African-American to receive a Ph.D. in Economics, the first woman to receive a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, the first national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated and the first African-American woman appointed as Assistant City Solicitor for the City of Philadelphia.
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Little Black History FAQ: Sadie T.M Alexander, 1st African-American woman to receive a PhD in the U.S. in 1921 & 1st African-Ameican to graduate from Univ. of Penn Law School & admitted to PA Bar
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander, born Sadie Tanner Mossell (January 2, 1898 – November 1, 1989), was the first African-American to receive a Ph.D. (economics) in the United States, the first woman to receive a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, and the first national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated
Sadie T.M. Alexander, (January 2, 1898 November 1, 1989) first African American woman to receive a Ph.D. in the United States, the first woman to receive a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, and the first national president of the Delta Sigma Theta sorority.
Dr. Dorothy Height - developed a multitude of educational programs and policies, including "Wednesdays in Mississippi" which allowed for interracial dialogue between women of the North and South. She has been inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame and received the Congressional Medal of Honor.
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Former President George W. Bush and Dr. Dorothy Heights before he presented her with the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004. #CivilRights #History
Vivian Malone Jones - First African American woman to enter and graduate from the University of Alabama.
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On May 30, 1965 Vivian Malone (one of the first black students at the University of Alabama along with James Hood) became the 1st black American to graduate from the University of Alabama in its 134 years of existence, earning a degree in business management with a B+ average. Governor Wallace, standing in the doorway of Foster Auditorium flanked by state troopers, fulfilled a campaign pledge stop integration at "the schoolhouse door," but in the end equality and dignity won the day.
On May 30, 1965 Vivian Malone (one of the First Black Students at the University of Alabama along with James Hood) became the 1st African American to graduate from the University of Alabama in its 134 years of existence, earning a degree in business management with a B + average. The performance of Governor Wallace, who stood at the doorway of Foster Auditorium flanked by state troopers, fulfilled a campaign pledge stop integration at "the schoolhouse door."
Dr. C. Delores Tucker - civil rights activist and first African American woman to serve as Pennsylvania's Secretary of State. Tucker also founded the National Political Congress of Black Women in 1985.
Lucy Diggs Slowe - one of the original sixteen founders of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority. She also became the first Dean of Women at Howard University.
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Lucy Diggs Slowe (July 4, 1885 - October 21, 1937) was one of the sixteen original founders of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated, the first sorority founded by African American women in 1908. In 1915 she earned a Master of Arts degree from Columbia University. In 1917, Slowe won the American Tennis Association's first tournament. She was the first African-American woman to win a major sports title. In 1922, Slowe was appointed the first Dean of Women at Howard University.
She was born 108 years (to the date) after the United States received its Independence on July 4, 1885. A woman of many Firsts: First black female dean First African American woman to win a national sport title in any sport First black member of the National Association of Women Deans & Administrators and Counselors Today we remember our FIRST President of Alpha Kappa Alpha: Soror Lucy Diggs Slowe (7/4/1885 - 10/21/1937) Happy Birthday Soror!!
About - National Women's History Museum - NWHM
Nannie Helen Burroughs - educator, Church leader and suffragist. She founded the National Training School for Women and Girls in Washington, D.C. in 1909.
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Nannie Helen Burroughs, nationally prominent Black educator, Church leader, and suffrage supporter, founded the National Training School for Women and Girls in Washington, D. C. (1909) as a national model school for the teaching of African American women. Believing that education, job training, and voting rights were the tools for Black women’s empowermen
Nannie Helen Burroughs (1879 – 1961) was an educator, orator, religious leader, and business woman. She helped found the National Association of Colored Women and worked within the National Baptist Convention. In 1909, she founded the National Training School for Women and Girls. The school emphasized preparation for occupations, but also stressed being proud black women. To this end students were required to take a class in Black history and culture.
Alice Walker - internationally recognized author, most famous for her novel, "The Color Purple." She won the Pulitzer Prize for it - the first African American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize in Fiction. Her novel was eventually adapted for stage and film.
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ALICE WALKER, Author, Poet & Human Rights Activist Books: 15+ including The Color Purple (full list: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Walker) 1st African American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize in Fiction WHERE TO FIND HER: http://alicewalkersgarden.com/about-2/ https://twitter.com/alicewalker44 http://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7380.Alice_Walker http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0907504/ #author #activist #humanrights #africanamerican
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper - lecturer, author, suffragist and poet. She delivered speeches for the American Woman Suffrage Association and became head of the African American department of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, African American lecturer, author, and suffragist, was the best known Black poet since Phillis Wheatley
Mary McLeod Bethune - Revolutionary educator.
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Mary Bethune McLeod, who established what is now known as Bethune-Cookman University in Daytona, Florida.
MARY MCLEOD BETHUNE, revolutionary educator -- bio via National Women's History Museum
MARY MCLEOD BETHUNE - Mary McLeod Bethune was a revolutionary educator who not only provided her students with an academic education, but also with an education in life. She gave them the skills and confidence necessary to be successful, and she set standards for today’s historic black colleges. An educator not merely for her students, but for the entire world, she was the only woman of color at the founding meeting of the United Nations.
Althea Gibson - pioneering professional golf and tennis player. She became the first African American tennis player to win Wimbledon and the U.S. Open. She turned pro at the age of 31 and won a total of 5 Grand Slam titles. Later in life, Gibson turned to professional golf and was the first African American woman to join the LPGA. She was later inducted into the prestigious Tennis Hall of Fame in 1971.
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Althea Gibson Won Again!
Mary Edmonia Lewis, the first African American woman to gain fame and recognition as a sculptor. Her masterwork, The Death of Cleopatra, is a striking portrayal of Cleopatra after she is bitten by her asp. It garnered Edmonia both acclaim and controversy for such an intimate look at Cleopatra, atypical of her often-portrayed beauty and strength. It was unveiled at the Philadelphia Exposition in 1876.
Edmonia Lewis - First African and Native American female sculptor to receive international recognition and fame.
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Native American women in the arts - Edmonia Lewis Ojibwe, sculptor.
Edmonia Lewis. Mary Edmonia Lewis,1844–1907. First African American & Native American woman to gain fame & recognition as a sculptor in the International Fine Arts world. Ms Lewis attended Oberlin College in 1882 and lived in Boston for a time before moving to Rome. She spent most of her adult career in Rome and until recently it was assumed she had died there. However she appears to have died in London,Eng. Her work, The Death of Cleopatra is in the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
1880s-Edmonia-Wildfire-Lewis | 100 LGBTQ Black Women You Should Know: The Epic Black History Month Megapost | Autostraddle
NEA Jazz Masters Award and Grammy Award winning Jazz singer Sarah Lois Vaughn.