Plaque with Saint John the Evangelist [Carolingian; Made in Aachen] Early 9th Century during the time of Charlemagne. An ivory plaque of St John the Evangelist. The book is inscribed "In the beginning was the Word." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Charlemagne (Latin: Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus, i. e. Charles the Great) (742 – Jan 28, 814) was King of the Franks from 768 to his death. He expanded small Frankish kingdoms into an Empire that covered much of Western & Central Europe. He conquered Italy and & was crowned Imperator Augustus by Pope Leo III on 25 December 800 as a rival of the Byzantine Emperor in Constantinople. Under his influence, art, culture & religion underwent a Carolingian Renaissance.
Back cover of the Lindau Gospel. Carolingian, late 8th century. Silver gilt, garnet and enamel. From Attila to Charlemagne: Arts of the Early Medieval Period in The Metropolitan Museum of Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000
An ivory Carolingian plaque from northern France, c.870, carved with a scene of the Crucifixion and the holy women at the tomb; symbolic personifications include the sun, moon, the Church and the Synagogue, and a symbolic snake. (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Plaque with the Crucifixion and the Holy Women at the Tomb | Carolingian
The Frankish expansion of the Carolingian Empire and the Bavarian expansion in the eastern Alps introduced feudalism and the building of castles to support the growing number of dukedoms and kingdoms. Castello del Buonconsiglio in Trento, Italy, still has intricate frescoes, excellent examples of Gothic art.