Can't believe that I haven't seen this fix before. Had to repin for future reference. -- Fixing a stripped hole with a golf tee: 1. Put wood glue in the hole 2. Hammer golf tee into hole 3. Use box cutter to cut off excess tee 4. Drill pilot hole and screw new screw directly into the tee!
Use This Cheat Sheet to Identify Almost Any Nut, Screw, Bolt, or Washer
It might have been wrong to refer to a cheat sheet in high school calculus class, but nobody is going to blame you for not being able to identify all of the various types of fasteners, screw heads, drive types, nut and washer styles available today.