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    Battle of the Bulge December 1944 - US POWs

    Jacob Lawrence- Influential African American artist known for his "Migration" series

    Charlayne Hunter (1961) leaving the University of Georgia campus after registering as a student. She holds a place in Georgia civil rights history as one of the first two African American students (the other student was Hamilton Holmes) admitted to the University of Georgia. Also known for her career as an award-winning journalist, Hunter-Gault is respected for her work on television and in print.

    82nd Airborne Division in the Battle of the Bulge.

    Battle of the Bulge

    Dutch beauties escort American soldiers to a dance, late 1944-5

    An American medic carries a wounded German POW.

    Communal activity: Japanese POW is washing himself under the stare of dozens of crew members of USS New Jersey as soon as he and other Japanese POWs have been transferred aboard ship. The wash will be followed by delousing and the issue of navy fatigues.The whole scene is rather weird. December, 1944.

    The Golden Thirteen were the thirteen African American enlisted men who became the first African American commissioned and warrant officers in the United States Navy. Throughout US history untill the end of WorldWar I, the Navy had enlisted African American for general service,they were barred from joining from 1919-1932. In June 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the executive order (8802) that prohibited racial discrimination by any government agency.

    Robert Capa - Chartres, France, August 18th, 1944: Just after the liberation of the town, this French woman who had had a baby with a German soldier has her head shaved as punishment. During the middle ages, this mark of shame, denuding a woman of what was supposed to be her most seductive feature, was commonly a punishment for adultery. Shaving women's heads as a mark of retribution and humiliation was reintroduced in the 20th century and was widespread post WW2.

    African American doctors attempting to save the life of a Klu Klux Klan member:

    German Pows forced to watch Concentration Camp footage

    African American troops, World War Two (looks like Europe, but the photo is uncredited and untraceable, alas. rw)

    WWII Battle of the Bulge

    On Sept. 24, 1944, 1st Lt. Mary Louise Hawkins was evacuating 24 patients from the fighting at Palau to Guadalcanal when the C-47 ran low on fuel. The pilot made a forced landing in a small clearing on Bellona Island. During the landing, a piece of metal severed the trachea of one patient. Hawkins kept the man's throat clear of blood with makeshift tubing until aid arrived 19 hours later. All of her patients survived. Hawkins received the Distinguished Flying Cross for her bravery.

    Tuskegee Airmen at a briefing in Italy in 1945. The squad of all African American pilots was formed in 1941 after extensive lobbying for funding by the press and civil rights organizations. Prior to 1941 African American men were barred from flying for the U.S. military. The pressure resulted in the formation of an all African-American pursuit squadron based in Tuskegee, Alabama, in 1941. This picture makes me feel like I could walk right into it.

    Arthur Macarthur was a brave teenaged officer in the Civil War. He won the Medal of Honor at 18, and was a Lt. Col by the age of 19. Years later his son, Douglas MacArthur, would also win the Medal of Honor - making them one of only two Father-Son recipients of the Medal of Honor.