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    Catherine ll of Russia born 1729 died 179

    Empress Dowager Cixi born 1835 died 1908

    Elizabeth l of England born 1533 died 1603

    Isabella l of Castile La Católica-2 born 1451 Died 1504

    Empress Wu Zetian born 625 AD died 705 AD

    Empress Theodora born 500ad? died: 548 AD

    Maria Teresa succeeded her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles v1, as Empress of Hapsburg.


    Top 10 Most Powerful Women in History - Listverse Victoria


    Elizabeth ushers in Peace and Plenty. Detail from The Family of Henry VIII: An Allegory of the Tudor Succession, c. 1572, attributed to Lucas de Heere.

    Tomb effigy of Elizabeth I

    Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) was queen regnant of England & Ireland from 1558 until her death. Daughter of Henry VIII, she was born a princess, but her mother, Anne Boleyn, was executed 2 1/2 yrs. after her birth, & Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her 1/2 brother, Edward VI, bequeathed the crown to Lady Jane Grey, which was a contradiction to statute law. His will was set aside, Lady Jane Grey was executed, & in 1558 Elizabeth succeeded to the throne.

    Tudor fashion of the mid-fifteen hundreds was influenced heavily by fashions of Italy and France. In this fashion plate depicting Catherine de Medici, the sleeves emerging from a puff or roll at the top and rapidly becoming close-fitting down to the cuff were called "French sleeves" in England.

    Anne Boleyn in her execution gown.

    "William Brodrick (or Broderick), embroiderer, came to London from Richmond in Yorkshire. He was an embroiderer and soon established a successful business in the City, becoming embroiderer to James I. By 1605, he had a country house in Wandsworth, probably in the present Putney Bridge Road. This portrait was painted in 1614 when Brodrick was 56.""In the 17th c. all professional embroiderers were men. A good deal of their work [went] to three Stuart kings James I, Charles I and Charles II."

    Mary Queen of Scots, aged 19, in white mourning to mark the loss of three members of her immediate family within a period of 18 months. Her father-in-law Henry II died in July 1559; her mother Mary of Guise died in Scotland in June 1560; and in December of the same year her husband Francis II died. Mary, no longer Queen of France, returned to Scotland in August 1561. Wearing white was the official sign of mourning worn by women of royal blood or high-ranking courtiers.

    Margaret of Anjou, 23.III.1430 – 25.VIII.1482 - Margaret was the wife of King Henry VI of England. As such, she was Queen consort of England from 1445 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471; and Queen consort of France from 1445 to 1453. Born in the Duchy of Lorraine, into the House of Valois-Anjou, Margaret was the second eldest daughter of René I of Naples and Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine.

    Mary Kytson, Lady Darcy, circa 1583-Elizabethan Period-Her ruff and cuffs are works of art!

    Edward IV, Father of Elizabeth of York, maternal grandfather of Henry VIII, Arthur, Margaret, and Mary Tudor.

    Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge, overlooking Epping Forest, at Chingford, Essex. This building may be occupying the site of the lodge where Anne and Henry used to shoot game. The legend connected with this lodge is that Elizabeth I used to ride her horse up to the first floor.

    Elizabeth I (1533-1603) | The Royal Collection

    Elizabeth I (1533-1603) | The Royal Collection

    Henry VIII (third coinage), 1509–47

    Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex-Note the dyed beard. Gentlemen of Elizabeth I's court were known to dye their beards this 'red gold' shade, to honor their Queen. (Although perhaps, like many men, the earl's beard was naturally of a different color than his hair.) I have read that men of the era starched their beards as well.