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Matsutake (Japanese: 松茸, pine mushroom, Tricholoma matsutake) (in Chinese 'Song rong) is the common name for a highly sought-after mycorrhizal mushroom that grows in Asia, Europe, and North America. It is prized by the Japanese and Chinese for its distinct spicy-aromatic odor.
Clathrus archerii - commonly known as Octopus Stinkhorn, is indigenous to Australia and Tasmania and an introduced species in Europe, North America and Asia. The young fungus erupts from a suberumpent egg by forming into four to seven elongated slender arms initially erect and attached at the top. The arms then unfold to reveal a pinkish-red interior covered with a dark-olive spore-containing gleba. In maturity it smells of putrid flesh.
Geoglossum (Earth Tongue) ~ highly distinctive fungi; the ridged/leathery fruiting body above the stem does indeed resemble a tongue. The head is reddish-brown or purplish-black, and it's not separated from the non-fertile stem (stipe). Rare in central, northern & western Europe; found in parts of Asia & North America in old grasslands & heathlands, associated with sandy soils. Their habitats are under threat from the destruction of agricultural expansion and the afforestation of grasslands.