Sputnik 1 (Russian: "Cпутник-1" Russian pronunciation: [ˈsputʲnʲək], "Satellite-1", ПС-1 (PS-1, i.e. "Простейший Спутник-1",was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. The surprise success precipitated the American Sputnik crisis, began the Space Age and triggered the Space Race, a part of the larger Cold War. The launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments

From Peter Alway's 1995 book "Rockets of the World"

This Day in Science History Oct 4, 1957: Soviet Union launches Sputnik I The successful launch of the unmanned satellite Sputnik I by the Soviet Union in October 1957 shocks and frightens many Americans. As the tiny satellite orbited the earth, Americans reacted with dismay that the Soviets could have gotten so far ahead of the supposedly technologically superior United States.

“An Early History of Satellites.” (Credit: Broadband Wherever) It’s not often that one associates a satellite with French folk songs, but this infographic does that and more. On it you will find the major launches of the early space age — from the Soviet Union’s Sputnik to the Czechoslovakian Magion 1 — showing how satellites quickly evolved between 1957 and 1978.

Sputnik was the first artificial Earth satellite. It was a 58 cm (23 in) diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses. Launched by the Soviet Union in 1957. Buy it as a limited edition silkscreen print or as an archival digital print: http://chopshopstore.com/index.php/themed/space/sputnik.html

Moon: Space Programs' Dumping Ground

Remembering the crew of Apollo 1. Astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee perished January 27, 1967 in a fire during a pre-launch test for what was to be the first crewed Apollo mission. / Photo credit: NASA

Early soviet unmanned spacecraft. First to reach surface of the moon.

THE CORE OF OUR GALAXY, seen in infrared light by the Spitzer Space Telescope. Blue light is from stars, green light is from polycyclic carbon molecules, yellow and red light is from the thermal glow of warm dust. This image spans approximately 1000 light years by 1600 light years. The galactic core is 26,000 light years away.

Apollo 13

Front Cover Space Race in TIME During the Cold War the Soviet Union and the United States were competing in everything

April 12, 1961, Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space.

The moon is about 1/4 the diameter of Earth. Learn more about Earth’s natural satellite at SPACE.com.

In 1963, Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in Space.

Duck and cover and don't look at the blast -School nuclear bomb drill during the Cold War.

The Russian Space Station MIR / Мир

Rosa Lee Ingram & her 2 sons received the death penalty in 1948 for murdering a white landowner in rural Georgia. Civil Right activist represented them as an example of the emerging Cold War Politics. In 1947 Ms Ingram was angrily approached by John Stratford about livestock that roamed onto his property. Mr Stratford sexually attacked her. As she fought him off her teenage sons stuck him with farm equipment. Their case was appealed & their sentences were reduced to life in prison.

Yuri Gagarin (March 9 1934 – March 27 1968) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on April 12,1961.

Butterfly Nebula

space shuttle in zero gravity orbit

Moscow's Secret Moon Plan - The N-1 Rocket