1915 Leo Frank, lynched in southern USA, home of the KKK and other racist and antisemitic fringe groups. Falsely accused of rape, convicted and sentenced to death, then having the sentence commuted to life, Leo was lynched by a rabidly antisemitic crowd. The image of Leo, hanging from a tree, is still prized today by the townsfolk responsible.
Known as the Tower of Faces this three-story tower displays photographs from the Yaffa Eliach Shtetl Collection. Taken between 1890 and 1941 in Eishishok, a small town in what is now Lithuania, they describe a vibrant Jewish community that existed for 900 years. In 1941, an SS mobile killing squad entered the village and within two days massacred the entire Jewish population.
John Calvin. A prominent and influential 16th century Protestant leader who wrote a book called "A Response To Questions and Objections of a Certain Jew". Excerpts include: "Their [the Jews] rotten and unbending stiffneckedness deserves that they be oppressed unendingly and without measure or end and that they die in their misery without the pity of anyone."
1298, Germany. Over 100,000 Jews were massacred in Southern and Central Germany. The attacks were led by a Knight named Rindfleisch who pledged to exterminate "the accursed race of the Jews" upon hearing of alleged 'host desecration', an antisemitic canard whereby Jews allegedly insult the Christian Eucharist. The entire ancient Jewish community of Würzburg was wiped out.
Rita Levi-Montalcini saw her theories sniffed at in 1950-60s & went on to win a Nobel Prize in 1986. She defied her father by going to medical school; she defied the fascists who barred her from academia by setting up a lab in her bedroom; she braved a move to St. Louis where she worked until she retired in 1979; slept 5 hours a night, 1 meal a day, continued working long after retirement, only to discover nerve growth factor that revolutionized our thinking about nerves. We are in her debt.