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The Cave of a Thousand Buddhas was the most important repository of ancient Buddhist and Chinese texts to survive.Just inside the Great Wall of China along the ancient Silk Road is one of the most remarkable Chinese sacred sites of antiquity. Located in the Gobi Desert town of Dunhuang, this site is a hive of more than 460 grottoes of varying sizes, carved directly into the soft sandstone cliffs. Devout Buddhist monks inhabited the caves a long time ago, starting in 366 CE

The Mogao Caves or Mogao Grottoes , also known as the Caves of the Thousand Buddhas , form a system of 492 temples 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis strategically located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Road, in Gansu province, China. The caves may also be known as the Dunhuang Caves, however, this term also include other Buddhist cave sites in the Dunhuang area, such as the Western Thousand Buddha Caves, and the Yulin Caves farther away.

The Sleeping Buddha. Detail of head portion of the Buddha's Parinirvana. Mid-Tang Dynasty. Cave 158 of the Mogao Grottoes at the edge of the Gobi desert.

from Unique Travel Destinations

China’s Amazing Caves of a Thousand Buddhas (Mogao Caves)

The Mogao Caves (Caves of the Thousand Buddhas, or the Caves of Dunhuang) are an intricate complex of Buddhist temples inside caves near the city of Dunhuang in Gansu province, China.