Runes-letters modified from Phoenician alphabet. Runic was often written without spaces between words & where 2 of the same letter sat beside each other only one would be used. It was written both from left to right & right to left. It was mainly used to label items with the owner's name & was considered magical as most people were illiterate & did not understand the concept of symbols representing sounds. This also led to their use in fortune telling.
The Church of Hallgrimur. Reykjavik, Iceland. For further info on this incredible structure, and other tops things to do in Reykjavik, see here: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/iceland/reykjavik/things-to-do/top-things-to-do-in-reykjavik
Amazing Architecture - Grand Staircase in House of Scientists, Lviv (Lemberg), Ukraine <= before 1945 = Lwów, POLAND => see history, actual till today ! https://www.pinterest.com/pin/349803096033334209/ & https://www.pinterest.com/szlachcic/news-ukraine-crisis-media/