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“An 1855 graduate of Syracuse Medical College, Mary Walker was an author and early feminist who gained distinction during the Civil War as a humanitarian, surgeon and spy. Walker was actually appointed surgeon of the 52nd OVI in 1863 by General Thomas in recognition of her skills and was captured in 1864 and ultimately exchanged for a Confederate officer “man for man.” She was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in January 1866.

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Mary E. Walker, M.D.: First woman to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor (Civil War)

Dr. Mary Edwards Walker was the first woman awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, for her work as a surgeon during the Civil War.

Mary Edwards Walker in her later years, 1911. She received the Medal of Honor for her work as a surgeon during the US Civil War, the only woman to ever get one. In 1917 the Army tightened up the rules for what you had to do/be to get the MoH...and deleted 911 names from the Medal of Honor Roll, including hers. She kept her medal and wore it till her death. Jimmy Carter restored her medal posthumously.

Civil War medals

Mary Edwards Walker - Civil War Era feminist, abolitionist, prohibitionist, alleged spy, prisoner of war + surgeon. She is also the only woman ever to receive the Medal of Honor. Often wore trousers + dressed in men's clothing, advocated dress reform for women.

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May 23, 1900 Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for his heroism on May 23, 1863 in the Assault on the Battery Wagner during the Civil War.