Title: Indian chiefs who counciled with Gen. Miles and setteled [sic] the Indian War -- 1. Standing Bull, 2. Bear Who Looks Back Running [Stands and Looks Back], 3. Has the Big White Horse, 4. White Tail, 5. Liver [Living] Bear, 6. Little Thunder, 7. Bull Dog, 8. High Hawk, 9. Lame, 10. Eagle Pipe Group portrait of Lakota chiefs, five standing and five sitting with tipi in background--probably on or near Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. 1891. Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photogra...

Oklahoma. Big Chief White Horse Eagle of the Osagi Tribe


Rose White Thunder (Sioux), Carlisle Indian School by DickinsonLibrary, via Flickr

Seaman David Crazy Thunder (Oglala) and mother, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota, 1945. Marquette University Archives

As-Sau-Taw-Ka (White Horse) - Pawnee

Chief Joseph - Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt, or Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain. A man of supreme courage, honor, and dignity.

Beautiful D. F. Barry Cabinet Card of a Group of Sioux: L. to R.: Fool Thunder, Crow Eagle, Slow White Buffalo, and Iron Thunder.

Papers-etc Betsy Thunder, HoChunk medicine woman, Wisconsin, 1913. From a wonderful book Women's Wisconsin, which talks about female farmers, chiefs, medicine women, etc. In the 1700s the primary chief was a woman, Hopoekaw, who guided the HoChunk through the French colonization of Wisconsin and the later American intrusion. American souces describe her as a "queen" or as a "distinguished" woman, "very ancient," and "invested with the supreme authority." Suppressed Histories Archives

Standing Bear

Crow Indian with Hawk Head dress

Native American beadwork

Medicine Man My body is tired from the long hunt. My mind races with thoughts of the buffalo. The day is over so why doesn’t the pain go away? I kneel down to intake the mystical herbs. My body’s pain eases, and my mind goes to rest.

Little Hawk, Brule Native American

Sioux pipes

Richard Hook - Myths

Hin-ma-toe Ya-lut-kiht (aka Thunder Rolling Over The Mountains, aka Chief Joseph, aka Joseph II) the son of Tu-eka-kas (aka Shooting Arrow, aka Joseph I) – Nez Perce – 1901

Standing Bear, via Flickr.

Bear Bull

Indian Chief

Indian Chief with Winchester