Libbie Henrietta Hyman (1888-1969) graduated from the University of Chicago in 1910 and earned a Ph.D. degree from Chicago in 1915. She stayed at the university with an appointment as a research assistant until 1931 because, despite her pioneering work on classification of invertebrates and her publication volume (six major books and over 100 articles), other universities would not hire her because she was Jewish. In 1937 she was appointed as a research associate at the American Museum of Nat...
Marie Louise Bottineau Baldwin (1863-1952), Chippewa lawyer; she was the first Native American student and first woman of color to graduate from the Washington College of Law, in 1914. She worked in the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and was an officer in the Society of American Indians. Because she was a fluent French speaker, she offered her skills as a translator to the War Department during WWI.
Susan B Anthony was arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal for voting on November 5 in the 1872 Presidential Election two weeks earlier. She had written to Stanton on the night of the election that she had "positively voted the Republican ticket—straight...". She was tried and convicted seven months later. The sentence was a $100 fine, but not imprisonment; true to her word in court ("I shall never pay a dollar of your unjust penalty"), she never paid the fine for the rest of her life.