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    Virginia Oldoini Contessa di Castiglione Photography by Pierre-Louis Pierson c.1863/66 Virginia Oldoini, Countess de Castiglione (1837–1899), better known as La Castiglione, was an Italian courtesan who achieved notoriety as a mistress of Emperor Louis-Napoleon of France. She was also a significant figure in the early history of photography as a model and collaborator of photographer Pierre-Louis Pierson.

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    The first fashion model - Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione, a Tuscan noblewoman at the court of Napoleon III. Fashion photography has been in existence since the earliest days of photography. In 1856, Adolphe Braunpublished a book containing 288 photographs of Virginia Oldoini, aka Countess. In the first decade of the 20th century, advances in halftoneprinting allowed fashion photographs to be featured in magazines. Fashion photography made its first appearance in French magazines such as La mode practique. In 1909, Condé Nast took over Vogue magazine and also contributed to the beginnings of fashion photography. In 1911, photographer Edward Steichen was "dared" byLucien Vogel, the publisher ofJardin des Modes and La Gazette du Bon Ton, to promote fashion as a fine art by the use of photography.

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    The first fashion model, Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione, photographed in this picture by Pierre-Louise Pierson

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    La Comtesse de Castiglione, by Pierre Louis Pierson

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Old Portrait of La Castiglione, an Italian aristocrat

Virginia Oldoini, Countess of Castiglione (22 March 1837 – 28 November 1899), better known as La Castiglione, was an Italian aristocrat who achieved notoriety as a mistress of Emperor Napoleon III of France.

Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (22 March 1837 – 28 November 1899), better known as La Castiglione, was an Italian courtesan who achieved notoriety as a mistress of Emperor Napoleon III of France. She was also a significant figure in the early history of photography.

Virginia Oldoini, Countess de Castiglione (1837-1899), better known as La Castiglione, was an Italian courtesan who achieved notoriety as a mistress of Emperor Napoleon III of France. She was also a significant figure in the early history of photography as a model and collaborator of photographer Pierre-Louis Pierson

Virginia Oldoini, Countess de Castiglione (1837-1899), better known as La Castiglione, was an Italian courtesan who achieved notoriety as a mistress of Emperor Napoleon III of France. She was also a significant figure in the early history of photography as a model and collaborator of photographer Pierre-Louis Pierson.

Virginia Oldoini, Countess of Castiglione (1837 – 1899), was a beautiful 19th-century Italian aristocrat.

Countess de Castiglione: Most are likely to know her as the subject and co-author of the most remarkable series of photographic portraits of the 19th century [which continues to impact fellow aesthetes, to draw inspiration for artists and to act as "the astonishing premonition of the present age’s image-saturated culture of narcissism"]

25 Stunning Photographs Of Countess De Castiglione The 19th-century Italian aristocrat, better known as as La Castiglione, was an iconic model, muse, mistress, narcissist, and queen of drama. Daphne Guinness, eat your heart out.

The Countess di Castiglione caused a scandal by appearing at a 1857 costume ball at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs as The Queen of Hearts, a thinly veiled allusion to the fact the she was currently the mistress of the emperor, Napoleon III. She was photographed in the costume by Pierre-Louis Pierson several years later, between 1861 and 1863, apparently wishing to preserve the scandal for posterity.

The shoemaker (late 19th century). Jan Matzeliger, born in 1852, immigrated to the US "at age 18 and went to work in a shoe factory in Philadelphia. Shoes then were hand made, a slow tedious process. Jan Matzeliger helped revolutionize the shoe industry by developing a shoe lasting machine that would attach the sole to the shoe in one minute."

Maria Countess Walewska 7 December 1786 – 11 December 1817) was a Polish noblewoman and a mistress of Emperor Napoleon. In her later years she married count Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an influential Napoleonic officer.