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Hayden • 2 years ago

Marie Tussaud was one of the most successful career women of the 19th century. She is truly a fascinating woman. At the age of 17, she became the art tutor to King Louis XVI’s sister and then, during the French Revolution, was hastily forced to prove her allegiance to the feudalistic nobles by making the death masks of executed aristocrats. In 1802, when her marriage dissolved, she left France and took her sons and her waxworks to England; where she began displaying her lifelike artwork.

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Marriage Contract of Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette.

Born March 27, 1785, Louis Charles de France, he was the second son and third child born to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. He became Dauphin of France upon the death of his older brother in June of 1789, and upon the execution of his father became the King of France as Louis XVII. After his father’s execution, he was forcibly separated from his Mother, Sister, and Aunt. He was often beaten and neglected by his so called “Guardians”, eventually dying in prison at the age of just ten years old.

Madame Tussaud was forced to make death masks of people she had known. To name a few, Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Marat and Robespierre.

Madame Tussauds - Original Guillotine Blade that Beheaded Marie Antoinette

wedding contract of louis xvi and marie antoinette

Marie Tussaud was arrested and taken to the Bastille for being a royalist supporter. Her head was shaven, a custom before being taken to the guillotine, but was pardoned. She was forced to do not only one of the more curious acts in history, but one of the most morbid. She was employed to make death masks. The first were of course the most obvious: Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.

Portrait of Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette and their son, The Dauphin ca. 1791

Portrait of Louis XVI before his death-looking like an old man. His execution made him the first victim of the Reign of Terror. His wife Marie Antoinette was guillotined on 16 October, the same year.

Marie Thérèse of France, oldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI. Ca. 1796 soon after her release from the Temple.The only member of her family to survive. The news of their fates was kept from her for 3 years. She is dressed in mourning. There is a question whether she retired from public life or was impersonated for the rest of her life by a close friend. Her public life includes that she was the last Queen of France for 20 minutes while her husband signed the abdication papers

SAINT DENIS - La Basilique - A monument to Louis XVII, frail son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. He was imprisoned with his parents, separated from his family, brainwashed to believe Revolutionary propaganda, neglected, and died in a squalid prison cell.