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  • Radwa El Maghrabi

    Dr.Elizabeth Blackwell first female physician and a prominent figure in the woman's right movement and the anti slavery movement

  • Julynn

    ELIZABETH BLACKWELL (1821 – 1910) First Female Doctor Elizabeth Blackwell applied to thirteen medical schools. She was rejected outright from every one of them because she was a woman. Finally, the faculty of Geneva College in upstate New York (now Hobart College) asked the students to decide Blackwell’s fate. They unanimously agreed to admit her because they thought her application was a joke. In 1846, Blackwell matriculated, and she graduated two years later, the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States.

  • Susan

    Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell: The first woman to receive an M.D. degree from an American medical school. Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell and colleagues founded the New York Infirmary for Women and Children. Elizabeth Blackwell said she turned to medicine after a close friend who was dying suggested she would have been spared her worst suffering if her physician had been a woman. When she graduated from New Yorks Geneva Medical College, in 1849, Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in America to earn the M.D. degree. She supported medical education for women and helped many other womens careers. By establishing the New York Infirmary in 1857, she offered a practical solution to one of the problems facing women who were rejected from internships elsewhere but determined to expand their skills as physicians. She also published several important books on the issue of women in medicine, including Medicine as a Profession For Women in 1860 and Address on the Medical Education of Women in 1864. Elizabeth Blackwell was born in Bristol, England in 1821, to Hannah Lane and Samuel Blackwell. Both for financial reasons and because her father wanted to help abolish slavery, the family moved to America when Elizabeth was 11 years old. Her father died in 1838. As adults, his children campaigned for womens rights and supported the anti-slavery movement. In her book Pioneer Work in Opening t

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Albert Einstein y Marie Curie

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev Russian: 8 February 1834 – 2 February 1907) was a Russian chemist and inventor. He is credited as being the creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements. Using the table, he predicted the properties of elements yet to be discovered.

Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954), was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and computer scientist. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which played a significant role in the creation of the modern computer

Goddard at the blackboard, lecturing on travel to the moon. Robert Hutchings Goddard (1882-1945) was an American professor, physicist and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket

Mary Blade, standing at blackboard. In 1946, when this photograph was taken, Mary Blade was the only woman on the Cooper Union engineering faculty (where she initially taught drawing, mathematics and design) and one of few women on any engineering faculty in the United States.

Dr. Julius Axelrod checking a student's work on the chemistry of catecholamine reactions in nerve cells, 1973.The Nobel Committee honored him for his work on the release and reuptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters, a class of chemicals in the brain that include epinephrine, norepinephrine, and, as was later discovered, dopamine. Axelrod also made major contributions to the understanding of the pineal gland and how it is regulated during the sleep-wake cycle.

Physician Mary N. Crawford worked at the Serum Exchange of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, where, in 1962, she discovered that she was one of a few people in the world with the rare blood type Lu (a-b-) and that her blood might be donated to a patient in Great Britain

Sir Leonard Woolley (right) and T.E.Lawrence at the British Museum's Excavations at Karkamış (Carchemish), Spring 1913.

Jane Goodall

How Simple Ideas Lead to Scientific Discoveries

René Descartes, 1596-1650

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Leo Lesquereux: became the leading student of coal flora and a pioneer in the establishment of fossil botany in the country

Nicolas Steno: Because of "Prodromus," many now see Steno as the "father of geology,"

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Ignaz Semmelweis (1818 – 1865) worked in the maternity ward of a Vienna clinic. As many as 30% of mothers died from a disease called "childbed sickness," today known as puerperal fever. Semmelweis was tormented over the deaths of so many women, but couldn't figure out the cause until one day a colleague died shortly after performing an autopsy, and in a flash of insight Semmelweis realized that his colleague had had a cut on his finger when he preformed the dissection. It became obvious to Semmelweis that doctors moving immediately from cadavers to pregnant women was not the best idea. Semmelweis implemented a strict hand-washing policy in his clinic, requiring doctors to wash with chloride of lime, an antiseptic. He also instituted an instrument-washing policy. The death-rate fell noticeably. Semmelweis reported his findings to the great Medical Association of Vienna, but this was several years before Pasteur's experiments confirmed germ theory: Even Semmelweis himself was not sure why his discovery worked. So to most of the medical community, hand-washing simply didn't make sense. Semmelweis's discovery was soundly rejected, and in a cruel twist of irony, Semmelweis died - of the very disease he spent his life trying to prevent in others - before seeing his discoveries accepted by the medical community.

Hippocates: standard of medical ethics and stressed compassion in dealing with patients

Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954), was an English mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which played a significant role in the creation of the modern computer.

Stephen Hawking took to his work and research with a renewed focus, and went on to become one of the greatest cosmologists and physicists of all time. His theories made him a celebrity in the science world and earned him many accolades