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    In the early 1800's, much of the travel to the west was on trails like the "Cumberland Road," later called the "National Road," which funneled early pioneers into the midwest. In the early- to mid-1800's, pioneers began to travel farther west on the Oregon Trail, the Santa Fe Trail, and other major wagon train routes. By the middle of the century, the railroads were beginning to make travel easier, and in 1869 the transcontinental railroad was completed, making it possible to ride coast to coast

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    • Mary Thomas

      NEBRASKA HISTORY.....,Millions of acres. Iowa and Nebraska. Land for sale on 10 years credit by the Burlington & Missouri River R. R. Co. at 6 per ct interest and low prices ... Buffalo. N. Y. Commercial advertiser printing house [1872].

    • Sarah Cieslinski

      Poster by the Burlington & Missouri River R. R. Co. advertising land in Iowa and Nebraska, 1872. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

    • Joseph Foster

      Among the states included in the Homestead Act of 1862 was Iowa and Nebraska. Distributing the land west of the Mississippi River was an enormous project. The bill was signed after the Southern states had left the Union. It declared any citizen could claim 160 acres and they must improve the plot with crops.

    • Ms. Hoffmans .

      An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera Millions of acres. Iowa and Nebraska. Land for sale on 10...

    • Brenda Doxtator

      Millions of acres. Iowa and #Nebraska. #Land for #sale on 10 years credit by the #Burlington & #Missouri #River #R. #R. #Co. at 6 per ct interest and low price in #1872

    • Lou Ann Young

      Iowa and Nebraska land sale ad (at History of Iowa, History of Nebraska) by Burlington and Missouri River Railroad (edited by Durova)

    • Jeanne Corbett

      This poster alerted many to inexpensive land for sale in Iowa and Nebraska

    • Gordon Rekcikssa

      Burlington & Missouri River R.R. Co. - Iowa & Nebraska land ad (1872)

    • Susan Miller

      American History Sessions

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    The 1842 Great Emigration begins. The first of 3 wagon trains of settlers and cattle set off down the Oregon Trail.

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    The great migration west along the Oregon and California Trails

    1843 – The first major wagon train heading for the Pacific Northwest sets out on the Oregon Trail with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri. The Oregon Trail is a 3,200 km historic east-west wagon route and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon and locations in between. It what was dubbed "The Great Migration of 1843."

    On the Oregon Trail

    On the Oregon Trail, heading west to the "land of promise." This photographer is unknown, but it was pioneers like these who, starting in 1841, crossed the Nebraska plains.

    On the Oregon Trail...

    This is a post- Civil War image. It appears to be taken in the late 19th century or very early 20th century.

    On May 22, 1843, the first major wagon train headed for the American Northwest sets out with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri on the Oregon Trail.

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    The Homestead Act of 1862. Families were allowed 160 acres for a small filing fee and 5 yrs of residency. 45% of all the land in Nebraska was given away by the federal government under these provisions.

    wagon trains | The Oregon Trail Wagon Train / A Six Month Journey

    Pioneer family on their way to market

    The trail Wagon train at Ute Pass - Colorado 1885