The Expulsion of the Acadians (also known as the Great Upheaval, the Great Expulsion, The Deportation, the Acadian Expulsion, Le Grand Dérangement) was the forced removal by the British of the Acadian people from present day Canadian Maritime provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island (an area also known as Acadie). The Expulsion (1755–1763) occurred during the French and Indian War.
Acadian fatherland: Acadia (French Acadie), French colony in northeastern North America between 1604 and 1713. The origins of the name Acadia have been traced to Mi'kmaq words and to the Latin word arcadia (a rustic paradise).
The Acadians are first Canadian settlers originating from France who were deported out of their homes and off their land in Nova Scotia by British Soldiers in 1755. Some families were scattered deeper into Canada but most went south into Florida and Louisiana where the word Acadian was shortened to 'Cajun'. My family stems from one man who evaded capture. He was a frontiersman who built a log home along a river in New Brunswick near the Mi'kmaq people.
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Regional tartans of Canada. Clockwise from bottom left (light blue and pink) are the tartans of Yukon, Northwest Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
Acadian – The 1600s through 1758, primarily French, settlers of Acadie/Acadia. Between 1755 and 1758, a vast majority of Acadians were thrown into scattered British concentration camps or deported to France in leaky cattle boats (at least 1 sank), after the concentration camps were full, At their release from the concentration camps, circa 1763, fewer than half were still alive. For people living today, the term Acadian refers to one who had an ancestor born in French Colonial Acadia…
Many later settled in Louisiana, where they became known as Cajuns. Others were transported to France. Later on many Acadians returned to the Maritime provinces of Canada, most specifically New Brunswick. Most who returned ended up in New Brunswick because they were barred by the British from resettling their lands and villages in the land that became Nova Scotia. This was a British policy to assimilate them with the local populations where they resettled.