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    Leaf from a Breviary - Hidden within a jungle of flowering vines, an ape attempts to unlock the secret to a three-dimensional puzzle. Medieval artists were fond of depicting animals, in particular apes and monkeys, engaged in human activities. In medieval Europe, the term "aping" was used to describe the mimicking of human nature, so showing apes acting like people was a play on this idea. (The Walters)

    Manuscript Leaf Date: 14th century Geography: Made in, Bologna (?), Italy Culture: Italian Medium: Parchment, tempera, ink, gold leaf Dimensions: Overall: 11 11/16 x 8 in. (29.7 x 20.3 cm) Mat size: 19 1/4 x 14 3/16 in. (48.9 x 36.1 cm) Classification: Manuscripts & Illuminations Credit Line: Gift of Louis L. Lorillard, 1896, transferred from the Library

    Apes and Monkeys on Behance

    Psalter-Hours, Initial “D” with nimbed apostle and pseudo-inscribed scroll; dragon with man's head and apes jousting in margin, Walters Manuscript W.82, fol. 194v detail | by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts

    Illuminated Manuscript, Book of Hours, Walters Art Museum Ms. W.165, fol. 110v by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts

    Album of Persian and Indian calligraphy and paintings, Mary and Jesus, Walters Manuscript W.668, fol.10b detail by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr

    Turkish version of the Wonders of creation, Three angels, Walters Manuscript W.659, fol. 48b by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr

    Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts

    Illuminated Manuscript, Map of the city of Damietta (Shahr-i Dumyād) on the Egyptian coast from Book on Navigation, Walters Art Museum Ms. W.658, fol.308b by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts,

    Illuminated Manuscript, Map of the western part of the city of Venice (Venedīk) from Book on Navigation, Walters Art Museum Ms. W.658, fol.186a by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts.

    Apes Dancing to Ring-around-a-Rosy: The song Ring-around-a-Rosy is still popular today, often danced in a circle just as we see the monkeys doing here. Yet this seemingly lighthearted song has a dark past. The plague swept Europe during the 14th century, and the songs words actually refer to its terrible symptoms: a circular rose-colored rash, sneezing or coughing, and finally, death. ... The Walters.

    Psalter, Three clerics chanting; shepherd trumpeting and fox marginal decoration, Walters Manuscript W.79, fol. 100r by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr

    Collection of poems (divan), Double-page illuminated frontispiece, Walters Manuscript W.636, fol. 2b by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts

    Missal of Eberhard von Greiffenklau, Souls in Purgatory, Walters Manuscript W.174, fol. 168v detail by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr

    Almugavar Hours, Decorative border and incipit with floral motifs and birds, Walters Manuscript W.420, fol. 136r by Walters Art Museum Illum...

    Illuminated Manuscript, Book of Hours in Dutch, Harrowing of hell, Walters Manuscript W.918, fol. 149v by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr

    Carrow Psalter, Adoration of the Magi, Walters Manuscript W.34, fol. 33v detail by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr

    Turkish version of the Wonders of creation, A huge bird carries a man on its back, Walters Manuscript W.659, fol. 159b by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr

    Book of Kings Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts

    Turkish version of the Wonders of creation, An animal with one horn (name illegible), Walters Manuscript W.659, fol. 106a by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr

    Illuminated Manuscript Koran, The right side of a double-page frontispiece, Walters Art Museum MS. W.557, fol.2b by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts, via Flickr