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The famous and important funeral stele of Marcus Caelius, decorated first centurion of the Legio XVIII, a native of Bologna, 53 and a half years, fell into the ambush of the Teutoburg Forest where they were destroyed legions XVII, XVIII and XIX, under the command of the Governor Quintilio Publius Varus.

Ancient Egyptian stela of Mentuwoser; shows Mentuwoser before a funeral banquet, with his relations offering food; hieroglyphs describe his deeds. (Metropolitan Museum of Art)

These handprints represent women who comitted Sati (alternatively, suttee), “a funeral practice among some Hindu communities in which a recently-widowed woman would either voluntarily or by use of force and coercion immolate herself on her husband’s funeral pyre.”

Roman grave stone in Bonn Museum: "To Marcus Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian voting tribe, from Bologna, a centurion in the First Order of legio XVIII, aged 53; He fell in the Varian War. His bones - if found - may be placed in this monument. Publius Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian voting tribe, his brother, set this up." This centurio had several military decorations like torques and phalerae proudly displayed on his breast armour.

Roman circa 400 AD. Detail of a panel showing the apotheosis (deification) of a wealthy pagan. Here a god drivers upwards from the funeral pyre. The eagles represent souls ascending. The large figure on the right is the deceased, possibly Quintus Aureius Symmachus.

Matrona with a Flavian hairstyle looks on as a sculptor works on a portrait funeral stele on this marble funerary altar. Vatican Museum: Candelabra corridor