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Robert, Duke of Normandy, nicknamed Curthose for the shortness of his legs

William the Conqueror | King William I ( reigned 1066 1087 ) . William , Duke of Normandy was ...

Tomb effigy of Robert Curthose (1054 - 1134), son of William the Conqueror, in Gloucester cathedral. Eldest son of William I & Matilda of Flanders. Robert and his father did not get along leading William to want to disinherit Robert. He gave Robert the Duchy of Normandy & gave England to his second son, William Rufus.

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Robert II, Duke of Normandy (c1000-1035)

Robert, first Duke of Normandy, and father of William the Conqueror. Robert was a direct descendant of the Viking who "founded" Normandy. Interesting that Harold, the last Anglo-Saxon king, was threatened in the north by a Viking army and in the south by William the Conqueror's invasion force. So he was actually fighting to retain the throne the England against two separate Viking groups.

Jean sans Terre (1167-1216), roi d'Angleterre (1199-1216), dont le règne fut marqué par la signature de la Grande Charte. Né à Oxford, il était le fils du roi Henri II et d'Aliénor d'Aquitaine. Avec le soutien du roi de France Philippe II Auguste, Jean et son frère Richard se révoltèrent contre leur père en 1189. Cette même année, la mort d'Henri II permit à Richard Ier Cœur de Lion de monter sur le trône.