Government functions expanded after 1870.There were Civil service exams allowing positions to be gained through ones own talent.School became compulsive to 12.Wider welfare measures were put into place.These changes meant that citizens had more contacts to reach out for than in all history.The political spectrum became realigned and social issues became huge.Socialism subsequently gained much support after Karl Marx invented it. Socialist parties became major forces in several countries.
The final phase of the revolution appeared when a leading general, Napoleon Bonaparte, converted the revolutionary republic into an authoritarian empire. Napoleon confirmed many of the revolution's accomplishments, including religious liberty and equality under the law (but not for women).
Dom Pedro II, Imperador do Brasil, em 1850. François René Moreaux (1807-1860) Museu Imperial. Rio de Janeiro http://sergiozeiger.tumblr.com/post/107114536548/francois-rene-moreau-moreaux-rocroi-franca-3