First pictures of the Japanese occupation of Peiping (Beijing) in China, on August 13, 1937. Under the banner of the rising sun, Japanese troops are shown passing from the Chinese City of Peiping into the Tartar City through Chen-men, the main gate leading onward to the palaces in the Forbidden City.
“Stagecoach” Mary Fields (c. 1832-1914) was born a slave in Tennessee and following the Civil War she moved to the pioneer community of Cascade, Montana. In 1895, when she was around 60 years old, Fields became the second woman and first African American carrier for the US Postal Service.
Rape of Nanking. 1937. "Rape of Nanking," Iris Chang's book: Nankin Massacre victims on the shore of the Yangtze River with a Japanese soldier standing nearby. The Nanjing Massacre was a mass murder and war rape that occurred during the 6-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking (Nanjing), the former capital of the Republic of China, on December 13, 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Historians have estimated that 250,000 to 300,000 people were killed.
Lieutenant General Claire Lee Chennault was an American military aviator. A contentious officer, he was a fierce advocate of "pursuit" or fighter-interceptor aircraft during the 1930s when the U.S. Army Air Corps was focused primarily on high-altitude bombardment. Chennault retired in 1937, went to work as an aviation trainer and adviser in China, and commanded the "Flying Tigers" during World War II, both the volunteer group and the uniformed units that replaced it in 1942.
This is the youngest soldier in World War I. Momčilo Gavrić lived in Serbia at the outbreak of the war. In 1916, Austro-Hungarian soldiers killed his father, mother, grandmother, his three sisters, and four of his brothers. After hearing what had happened, the major accepted Momčilo into the unit and assigned him to a soldier. That night, Momčilo showed the major where the Austro-Hungarian soldiers were and helped bombard them. At ten, he was promoted to Corporal and at eleven to Lance…
Japanese soldiers involved in street fighting in Shanghai, China in 1937. The battle of Shanghai lasted from August through November of 1937, eventually involving nearly one million troops. In the end, Shanghai fell to the Japanese, after over 150,000 casualties combined. (LOC)
In September of 1940, Witold Pilecki (May 13, 1901 – May 25, 1948) was a Polish Resistance solider who wanted to know the truth about Auschwitz. He volunteered to infiltrate the Nazi death camp, spending the next 2.5 years as a prisoner. On his escape, Pilecki smuggled details about the Nazi methods of execution and interrogation and eventually authored the first WW II intelligence report on the concentration camp. Thank you for your truth and justice work. Rest in peace.