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Delaware Delegation to Washington D.C. - 1867 Standing L-R: James McDaniel (Cherokee), Black Beaver (Delaware), Henry Tiblow (Interpreter), John G. Pratt (Indian Agent), Charles Armstrong (Delaware), John Young (Delaware) Sitting L-R: James Ketchum (Delaware), James Conner (Delaware), John Conner (Delaware), Charles Journeycake (Delaware), Isaac Journeycake (Delaware), John Sarcoxie Sr. (Delaware)

Black Elk (Oglala Sioux) 1863-1950. Black Elk experienced a vision at age nine that led to his becoming a medicine man renowned for his spiritual and healing powers. He participated in the Custer battle, the Ghost Dance religion and the Wounded Knee massacre. One of the most important books ever written about Native spirituality, "Black Elk Speaks: The Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux" has become the "bible" for young Indians, who look to it for spiritual guidance.

This photograph, probably taken in the 1890s or early 1900s, shows Arizona Swayney, a Cherokee student at Hampton Institute, making a basket. To the right of the photograph are several finished rivercane baskets. Swayney attended Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia, a school founded in 1868 to educate African American freedmen. In 1877, the school began a program for American Indians, and over 1, 300 Indian students from 65 tribes attended in the following 50 years. Arizona...

A young Ute Indian warrior and his dog. Uintah valley, eastern slope of the Wasatch Mountains, Utah. Photo by J.K.Hillers, Powell Expedition, 1873. Courtesy Utah Historical Society

Blue Cloud (Indian name) Herman Arapaho :: Western History

Loti-kee-yah-tede - Laguna - 1904

A Blackfoot Indian camp at St. Mary Lake, Glacier National Park

Wolf Robe - 1895 Cherokee

Young Delaware Indian: portrait~Randy Steele.

Cherokee Girl - Yeah, I know there are many who say they are, but aren't but I can honestly say that in some sense I am. My Great Grandmother was full Cherokee, unfortunately, I know only that her Maiden name was Thelma Archer and when she married my Great Grandfather it changed to Thelma Ross..... other than that, I only know that I share her facial traits.;'(

Chief Big Foot 1825–90, with his wife White Hawk. Photo taken 1872. Big Foot was born in the northern Great Plains. One of the first Sioux to raise a corn crop on the Cheyenne River. He traveled to Washington, D.C., as a tribal delegate and worked to establish schools throughout the Sioux territory. Tragically killed.

Pride standing tall

Walini - Cherokee - 1888

1838 More than 15,000 Cherokee Indians are forced to march from Georgia to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. Approximately 4,000 die from starvation and disease along the “Trail of Tears.”

black cherokee indians


I am Indian "If you have one drop of Indian blood in your veins, then you are Indian." Black Elk, Lakota (Sioux)

Norma Smallwood - Born Norma Des Cygne Smallwood, she was a full blood Cherokee Indian from Tulsa, Oklahoma. While as a student at Oklahoma State University, she entered the Miss America Pageant in 1926 and was crowned the first Native American to win the title. During the year of her reign, she had an acute business sense demanding a fee for appearances. She was later married to George H. Bruce, President of the Aladdin Petroleum Corporation.

“Ojibwekwe” - 1901

Illusion Of Separation From Creator = Illusion Of Separation From Nature = A Destructive Lifestyle. The Western Mindset Needs Healing