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The Bull Of Excommunication Against Queen Elizabeth I, 25 February, 1570 - from the original membrane, Vatican Library-'Elizabeth, the pretended queen of England and the servant of crime … with whom as in a sanctuary the most pernicious of all have found refuge … She has followed and embraced the errors of the heretics … We declare her to be deprived of her pretended title to the crown … We charge and command all and singular the nobles, subjects, peoples that they do not dare obey her orders'

Bridewell Palace - built as a residence of King Henry VIII and was one of his homes early in his reign for eight years

In 1529,Piers Butler was forced to give up the title of 8th Earl of Ormond,which he assumed in 1515 and the title was granted to Sir Thomas Boleyn.In place of the Earldom of Ormonde,Piers received the title of Earl of Ossory instead;the subsidiary title held by the Earls of Ormond.Why would the King force Piers to give his title up? At that time,Henry VIII was already romantically involved with Anne Boleyn and the answer is clear – Thomas received the Earldom due to Anne’s relation with the King

Anne Bullen, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Wiltshire [Stained Glass from Hampton Court]

Tomb of Sir Piers Butler, 8th Earl of Ormonde and Lady Margaret Fitzgerald, parents to the 9th Earl. Saint Canices Cemetery, Kilkenny County, Kilkenny, Ireland.

Butler, Earl of Ormonde. The 1st and 4th quarters were used “illegally” in the arms of Anne Boleyn as Marquess of Pembroke and Queen of England. European Heraldry

all saints hitcham brass inlay

Hitcham screen, north side - The chancel is so grand, some visitors must easily overlook the remains of the rood screen.Only the dado survives,but it is worth a look because instead of saints the panels depict angels holding the instruments of the Passion. Something similar can be seen at Blundeston,and there are also angels on the screen at Southwold.They are very unusual,and,not surprisingly, were vandalised by the 16th century reformers.What is surprising is that they have survived at all.

All Saints, Hitcham: It was the Priory of Ely's most valuable living in the whole of the county, worth twice as much as any other.This situation continued when the patronage was taken over by the state after the Reformation,and Rector of Hitcham remained a lucrative postion into the 20th Century. John Whytewell,Rector throughout the Reformation,was chaplain to Thomas Cranmer; although,unlike that stubborn character,he received a royal pardon from Mary.

John and Abigail Benjamin sailed from Plymouth,England on June 22,1632 aboard the ship “Lyon”,captained by Captain William Pierce.John took the oath of allegiance to the King and government of England before he embarked.This group of Puritans were members of Thomas Hooker’s “Braintree Company”.After being at sea for 12 weeks,they landed in Boston Harbor on Sunday evening,September 16, 1632.They brought with them their children John,Abigail, Samuel and Mary.The “Lyon” carried 123 passengers...

An image of how a print would look if printed from the Moorfields section of The Copperplate Map which dates from the 1550’s and is the first known map of London. Made in fifteen copper sections, or plates, only three are still in existence. Two plates which depict the areas around Moorfields and the City are in the Museum of London and a third plate, held by the Dessau Art Gallery, shows the area around St Paul's Cathedral.

Tomb of Thomas Bromley and Isabel Lyster, Wroxeter.

Sir Edward Montagu. He was browbeaten into approving the succession of Lady Jane Grey, along with Thomas Bromley. Edward Foss, the judicial biographer, contrasts their respective treatment by Queen Mary.

Thomas Cromwell, by Hans Holbein the Younger. It seems that Cromwell's distrust acted as a brake on Thomas Bromley's career. His judicial promotion and property speculation both forged ahead as Cromwell's power came to an end.

Arms of Thomas Bromley, from his tomb at Wroxeter. The Visitation of Cheshire describes the Bromley arms as: “Quarterly per fess indented Gules and Or.”

Sir Thomas Bromley (died 1555) was an English judge of Shropshire landed gentry origins who came to prominence during the Mid-Tudor period. After occupying important judicial posts in the Welsh Marches, he won the favour of Henry VIII and was a member of Edward VI's regency council. He was appointed Chief Justice of the King's Bench by Mary I.

A claim to fame of the Beauchamp family in the later middle ages is that one branch became Earls of Warwick, through marriage to the female heir to that title. That line eventually died out in the male line and the title was passed on through the female line to the Neville family. A daughter of Richard Neville married King Richard III and the rest, as they say, is history. The genealogy of the Earls of Warwick is recorded on the famous Rous Roll, two copies of which survive...

The Hall at Theobalds-The Favourite Residence of James I - At Theobalds during the years between about 1575 and 1585 Lord Burghley, a self-confessed garden enthusiast, introduced descending stairways, loggias painted with genealogies, a summer house decorated with 'twelve Roman emperors in white marble' and an equally classical motif of a fishpond. The compilers of the Parliamentary Survey in 1650 seem particularly insistent upon the movement up and down between various sections of the garden: '

The Mannor of THEOBALDS, TONGS, alias THEOBALS, WHICH Names doubtless it received from some Persons, who in old time were Lords hereof, but the House was built by William Lord Burleigh, late Lord Treasurer of England, which saith Camden, was most fair and elegant in Respect of the Workmanship, and most pleasant in Respect of the Gardens, Orchards, and Walks adorn'd with delicious Groves. When King James came from Scotland to London, he staid at this House...

Carlisle Castle - In 1541 Henry VIII closed the priory and the 2 friaries. He also rebuilt and strengthened the castle. Henry replaced the southern gate of Carlisle with a citadel with 2 towers. Like all towns in those days Carlisle suffered outbreaks of plague which decimated the population each time. There was a severe outbreak of plague in Carlisle in 1597. Even so the population grew and by 1600 Carlisle probably had about 2,500 inhabitants.

Created by the Sheldons of Beoley in Warwickshire, England. These beautiful tapestries are mainly maps and details of life in 16th century "middle england"

Portrait of Thomas Stanley, Earl of Derby. Henry VII's step-father, he was instrumental in the defeat of Richard III at Bosworth Field, and is thought to be the one who took the crown from Richard's bloodied body and placed it atop Henry's head after the battle.

Medieval medicine.

Drawn by Hans Holbein the Younger, c.1532-1543