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  • Fiona Pinsker

    Northumberland Penshurst

  • Diana Butcher

    John Dudley - Duke of Northumberland - For a very short time the father-in-law of Lady Jane Grey, the nine-days Queen of England. He was executed when Mary took the throne. His son Guilford married Jane and his second son Robert was the beloved favorite of Queen Elizabeth I.

  • Natalie Steffy

    John Dudley, Ist Duke of Northumberland, together with William Pembroke, 1st Earl of Pembroke arranged the political match of their children in a plan to secure the succession of Lady Jane Grey and to graft their lineage onto the throne of England. Guildford Dudley married the Lady Jane Grey and Henry Herbert married the 13 year old Lady Catherine Grey on the 25th of May 1553. For Lady Jane and Guilford the plan ended in their execution along with John Dudley. The Pembokes were pardoned.

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Coat of Arms of Edward, The Black Prince

The obverse of Eleanor of Aquitaine's seal. She is identified as Eleanor, by the Grace of God, Queen of the English, Duchess of the Normans. The legend on the reverse calls her Eleanor, Duchess of the Aquitanians and Countess of the Angevins.

Crown of Isabella I. One of many crowns that must have belonged to Queen Isabella I (r. 1474-1504) of Spain. It follows the tradition of many other crowns that were donated to Cathedrals, Chapels or Monasteries by Catholic monarch throughout Europe.

Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204). One of the most powerful women in European history. Wife of two kings (Louis VII king of France & Henry II Plantagenet king of England) and mother of other three (Henry the Young King, Richard I Lionheart & John I Lackland). Joined her military on the Crusades. Spent 16 years imprisoned. Poisoned her husband's mistress. Died a nun at 82 years old.

The first woman to ask for divorce and lead an army, Eleanor of Aquitaine lived until she was 82 (pretty good considering most died in their 40s). She got a formal education, which was really rare for women in that era. There are rumours that she poisoned her second husband Henry II’s mistress, the Fair Rosamund. This lady’s bad-ass. (Painting by Edmund Blair Leighton)

King Henry IV’s partially preserved head

George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, was the third son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, and the brother of kings Edward IV and Richard III.

Touted as the most haunted castle in the UK, the 12th Century Berry Pomeroy Castle's White Lady is the ghost of Lady Margaret Pomeroy who was starved to death by her jealous sister, Lady Eleanor. Castle rumors claim Eleanor was always jealous of her younger and prettier sister and locked her inside the castle dungeon for nearly two decades. Her ghost is said to be all white-from her wildly flowing hair to her ghostly white feet and she often is seen rising from the top of St. Margaret’s Tower.

Henry II was notorious for his illicit relations with other men’s wives, and for having several illegitimate children. However, few records containing information about them have survived, and only records about the most infamous mistresses would have been written to start with. Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine in 1152, the same year Henry’s first recorded illegitimate son, Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop of York was born, details of his mother are unclear but her name is believed to hav...

Edward Plantagenet, considered the last full blood male of the Plantagenet line. He was kept in the Tower by Henry VII from age 11- age 24, when he died. His sister was Margaret Pole, who was executed during Henry's VIII's reign. Her children, Reginald and Geoffrey, were considered threats to the throne, having also had Plantagenet blood. Geoffrey was executed by Henry VIII; Reginald was in exile during Henry's reign.

Hans Eworth (1540–1573) Mary Fitzalan, Duchess of Norfolk,1565, detail

Gaston Phoebus | Ex Libris of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Spain | Livre de la chasse | ca. 1407 | The Morgan Library & Museum

.William V (William the Rich) duke of Julich, Cleves and Berg, count of Mark and Ravensberg, duke of Guelders; brother of Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII.

Detail of painting, Edward IV and his queen Elizabeth Woodville at Reading Abbey 1464.

John "Lackland" King of England, Plantagenet, brother of Richard the Lionheart

Great Bible 1539, St. John's College Old Library, Cambridge Title page to the Hagiographia of the Great Bible of 1539. This copy is thought to have been made for Thomas Cromwell. The picture shows Henry VIII presenting bibles to his subjects. To Henry's left are the bishops Cranmer, Latimer and Shaxton. On the right is Cromwell accepting the book from Henry and distributing it to the laity.... (note the prison-house in the lower right corner) by wumpus

Lady Isabel Neville (5 September 1451 – 22 December 1476) was the elder daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (the Kingmaker of the Wars of the Roses), and Anne de Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick. She was the wife of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence. She was also the elder sister of Anne Neville, who was Princess of Wales, by her first marriage and Queen consort of England by her second.

Anne Stafford, daughter of Catherine Woodville, niece of Queen Elizabeth Woodville and mistress of Henry VIII | Flickr - Photo Sharing!

The capital city c.1520 during the reign of Henry VIII showing major streets, lanes, churches, great houses, monasteries and public buildings. This map reveals medieval London at its most impressive, before the city was overwhelmed by a massive population explosion.

Henry VI was the only child of Henry V & Catherine of Valois, born 6 December 1421. He married Margaret of Anjou in 1445; the union produced one son, Edward, who was killed in battle 1 day before Henry's execution. Henry came to the throne as an infant after the early death of his father; in name he was king of both England & France, but a protector ruled each realm. The whole of Henry's reign was involved with retaining both of his crowns - in the end, he held neither.

Unknown artist, Edward III at Crecy Crossing the Somme in the face of the French army

Eleanor of Habsburg whilst Queen of France by Jean Clouet. It was Eleanor, who reportedly refused to be present, as Queen of France, to meet Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn in Calais, she also did not acknowledge Anne Boleyn. Her loyalties, as the rest of her family, remained with her aunt, Katharine of Aragon.

Elizabeth of York, Queen of England, mother of Henry, Arthur, Margaret, and Mary Tudor.

On this day 5th January, 1066 King Edward the Confessor died. The last Anglo-Saxon king of England, he was called the Confessor because of his great piety. He died childless sparking a succession crisis that led to the Norman Conquest

Kings and Queens of England