Pinterest • The world’s catalog of ideas

* Chief Washakie: Chief Washakie was born to a Flathead (Salish) father and and Lemhi Shoshone mother.His prowess in battle, his efforts for peace, and his commitment to his people's welfare made him one of the most respected leaders in Native American history. Upon his death in 1900, he became the only known Native American to be given a full military funeral ~ Artist by: steeelll *

Hollow Horn Bear, 1907: Lakota Sioux. Initially raided the Pawnee, he later was involved in harassing forts along the Bozeman Trail with other Sioux leaders between 1866 and 1868. During this period, he became famous as the chief who defeated Capt. William Fetterman. However, he began to favor peace with the whites during the 1870s. He became a celebrity in the East, and was present at several functions as a native representative.

portrait of Amos Two Bulls, a Sioux Brave. The picture was taken in 1900. By this time, the traditional Indian lifestyle had pretty much come to an end. Most were living on reservations at this point. Amos Two Bulls was a member of the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show.

Iron Tail - Oglala - circa 1915 {Note: Sinte Maza (aka Iron Tail) was an Oglala Lakota man who fought at the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876. He also performed with Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show during the 1890's and with the Miller Brothers 101 Ranch Wild West Show near Ponca City, Oklahoma from 1913 to 1916. He died of pneumonia on 28 May 1916 while traveling by train to South Dakota. He was one of three models for the Indian Head Nickel designed by James Earle Fraser.}

Iron White Man - one of two Sioux known to have this name. This man is thought to have been with Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show; his non-traditional dress in the photo would seem to bear that out. He was also thought to have participated in the Battle of the Little Big Horn against Custer, but that is not known for certain.

Chief Iron Tail (1857–1955) (Oglala Sioux) Years after Wounded Knee Iron Tail was invited to Washington, D.C. by General Miles. Iron Tail was chosen with 2 other Indians, Two Moons, a Cheyenne & Big Tree, a Kiowa as models by James Fraser to create the Indian head profile on the Buffalo Nickel. Then at The Battle of Wounded Knee in 1890 Iron Tail was twice seriously wounded, & 7 members of his family were killed, including his mother, father, 2 brothers, sister, wife & later his infant…

Sioux men identified as Holy Frog and Big Turnips, were both part of the Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. Photographed in 1900 by Gertrude Käsebier.

Chief Flying Hawk was a warrior. He fought along with his cousin Crazy Horse, his brothers Kicking Bear and Black Fox at the Little Big Horn. He was present at the death of Crazy Horse and the Wounded Knee Massacre. To escape the constraints and poverty of reservation life he joined Buffalo Bills Wild West Show, 1898. Imitating battle scenes angered him at first. Eventually he sold his picture postcards for a penny to supplement his meager income. When Iron Tail died he became head Chief.