Wing Chun. Aka the founder of Chinese short form boxing was taught by a nun called Ng Mui who was proficient in plum blossom fist. Legend has it when the shaolin temple was burned down Ng Mui fled to a village where a young girl named Wing Chun was being bullied into an arranged marriage. Her only way out was to fight her husband, Ng Mui taught her the most direct boxing techniques using simultaneous attack and defence.
I was fortunate to meet Ip Chun in 2006. He is a great and humble man.