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Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester (19 November 1563 – 13 July 1626), second son of Sir Henry Sidney, was a statesman of Elizabethan and Jacobean England. He was also a patron of the arts and an interesting poet. His mother, Mary Sidney née Dudley, was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth I and a sister of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, an advisor and favourite of the Queen.
Robert Dudley,(1532-1588). Earl of Leicester, c1588, by William Segar. Elizabeth I put him in overall command of the English Land Forces during the Spanish Armada. He rode along side her in her great speech to the troops at Tilbury. Dudley was a principle patron of the arts, literature and the theatre. He was a suitor, and close, life long friend of Elizabeth I.
Robert Devereux, (1565-1601), 2nd Earl of Essex, son of Lettice Knollys, great-grandson of Mary Boleyn. Step son to Robert Dudley. He was a military hero and royal favourite of Elizabeth I, but following a poor campaign against Irish rebels during the Nine Years' War in 1599, he failed in a coup d'état against the queen and was executed for treason.
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, attributed to Nicholas Hilliard, c.1587. (The eldest surviving son of Lettice Knollys and stepson to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester & Elizabeth I favorite) in tilting armour. He wears a lady's glove as a favor on his right arm; this miniature may commemorate his appearance at a tournament in 1595 when Elizabeth I of England gave him her glove.
Elizabeth I. and Robert Dudley Dated to 1575, a pivotal year in their relationship. "It is the year when Robert Dudley finally gave up his hope of marrying Queen Elizabeth I."
Mary Queen of Scots, granddaughter of Margeret Tudor, Henry VIII's sister. Based on this Tudor lineage, the Catholic Mary was a claimant to the English throne if Elizabeth I did not produce an heir. Mary returns in 1561. By 1562, Elizabeth's jealous fear of her Catholic cousin is made clear. Elizabeth, still unmarried and childless, contracted smallpox and her deathbed, Act of Succession, is to make Robert Dudley, her lover, with no rightful claims to the throne, Regent of England.
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1565 – 1601), Mother was Lettice Knollys , Step- son to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leister. He was a military hero and royal favourite of Elizabeth I, but following a poor campaign against Irish rebels during the Nine Years' War in 1599, he failed in an attempted coup d'état against the queen, called "The Essex Plot" and was executed for treason. Great-grandson of Mary Boleyn.