Image of the first (geometric) demonstration of the pythagorean theorem, in Euclid’s “Elements” (Book I, Proposition 47), written about 300 B.C. Source: Vatican Library, http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/vatican.exhibit/exhibit/d-mathematics/imag es/math01.jpg
La Perspective Curieuse by JF Nicéron, 1663 via BVH The 17th century book illustrations below instruct artists about the basic geometrical properties involved in producing artworks with some types of projected and distorted perspectives and optical illusions. "This richly illustrated manual on perspective revealed for the first time the secrets of anamorphosis and trompe l'oeil. It contained the first published reference to Descartes's derivation of the law of refraction.
The exhilarating work of Madrid-based artist Alicia Martín clearly falls into the latter category. In her dramatic Biografias series, thousands of books explode out the windows of three buildings, evoking such forces of nature as waterfalls and tornadoes. To us, these massive sculptures symbolize the boundary-busting, life-changing power of literature
Leonardo da Vinci drew the illustrations for Luca Pacioli's 1509 book De Divina Proportione (The Divine Proportion). Drawing of the Duodecedron Abscisus Elevatus Vacuus, consisting of 120 equilateral triangles, from the manuscript of the book.
From Mario Bettini’s Aerarium Philosophiae Mathematicae [Treasury of Mathematics], published in 1648. Bettini (1582 - 1657) was a Jesuit, a mathematician and an astronomer. The book is an encyclopedic collection of mathematical curiosities.