LaVern Baker (1960) // The first Black artist to file a legal grievance against white artists who produced pop covers of her hits. Most of the 'white' popular music was stolen from the African Americans and produced to cater to whites. The original artists couldn't do a thing about it.
Full length portrait, young African American girl standing by a tassled chair, holding doll and handle of baby doll carriage, ca. 1870. Randolph L. Simpson African-American collection. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Vintage African American photography ♥
Lois Kindle Alexander-Lane [b.1916 - d.2007] Designer - Her Masters' thesis explored the history of blacks in retail, leading to discoveries of unheralded African American dressmakers. She founded the National Association of Milliners, Dressmakers & Tailors & was a former president of the National Association of Fashion & Accessory Designers. Her collections can be found at the National Museum of African American History & Culture at the Smithsonian Institute.
Frederick Fritz Pollard Frederick Douglass "Fritz" Pollard (January 27, 1894 – May 11, 1986) was the first African American head coach in the National Football League (NFL). Pollard along with Bobby Marshall were the first two African American players in the NFL in 1920.
Fredi Washington refused to "pass" for white, at Hollywood's suggestion, and was therefore typecast as mixed race and never allowed a flourishing career. Her stance, however, made her an advocate among African Americans.
Susie King Taylor: first African American army nurse; the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences; also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia.