Full length portrait, young African American girl standing by a tassled chair, holding doll and handle of baby doll carriage, ca. 1870. Randolph L. Simpson African-American collection. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Vintage African American photography ♥
Frederick Fritz Pollard Frederick Douglass "Fritz" Pollard (January 27, 1894 – May 11, 1986) was the first African American head coach in the National Football League (NFL). Pollard along with Bobby Marshall were the first two African American players in the NFL in 1920.
Fredi Washington refused to "pass" for white, at Hollywood's suggestion, and was therefore typecast as mixed race and never allowed a flourishing career. Her stance, however, made her an advocate among African Americans.
Susie King Taylor: first African American army nurse; the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences; also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia.