Cathay Williams was the first African American woman to serve in the U.S. Army--in 1866, disguised as a man. She was born into slavery, and worked as a cook and washerwoman for Union troops before enlisting herself. She served from 1866 - 1868 without anyone the wiser to her gender.

Cathay Williams, AKA William Cathay, American Civil War soldier (the first known African American woman to enlist in The United States Army)

Eliza Bryant, child of slaves, was active in welcoming African Americans to the Cleveland area. She realized that many elderly Black people had no help - many had lost their families during slavery, and segregated nursing homes would not serve them. In the 1890's, Bryant recruited two other women, began the work of establishing a home for elderly Black people. Today it still serves. http://www.elizabryant.org/history.aspx

with ・・・ After learning of the special needs of elderly Blacks left alone due to slavery, Eliza Bryant established the first nursing home for Blacks who were.

Sarah Malinda Pritchard Blalock (1842, Avery County, North Carolina – 1901, Watauga County, North Carolina) was a female soldier during the American Civil War.

Sarah Malinda Pritchard, perhaps the most famous female Civil War soldier, served alongside her husband in the Confederate army as Pvt. Samuel Blalock (Co. F, North Carolina), but later assisted the Union military

"Colored Troops" during the Civil War

Full Length Double Portrait, Two Sergeants, With Swords- From: Randolph Linsly Simpson African-American Collection Sitters identified as Alexander Herritage Newton and Daniel S. Lathrop, quartermaster sergeants with the twenty-ninth Connecticut.

Oscar Depriest & Daniel Hale Williams. Oscar DePriest (1871 - 1951) was born in Alabama to former slaves and became Chicago's first black alderman. In 1928, DePriest was elected to Congress as a Republican. He became the first black elected to Congress since Reconstruction. Daniel Hale Williams (1856 - 1931) was the first black cardiologist and performed one of the first successful heart surgeries. He also founded Provident Hospital.

Oscar Depriest & Daniel Hale Williams. Oscar DePriest (1871 - 1951) was born in Alabama to former slaves and became Chicago's first black alderman. In 1928, DePriest was elected to Congress as a Republican. He became the first black elected to Congress since Reconstruction. Daniel Hale Williams (1856 - 1931) was the first black cardiologist and performed one of the first successful heart surgeries. He also founded Provident Hospital.

Tammy Williams is the first black woman to own her own post-production studio in the state of Georgia. Williams has recently started Open River Studios in Fayetteville. Open Rivers Studios is a 16,000 sq. ft. complex with production and post-production operations. Williams hopes to attract Independent filmmakers and provide original programming that will lead to future licensing contracts.

Tammy Williams is the first black woman to own her own post-production studio in the state of Georgia. Williams has recently started Open River Studios in Fayetteville. Open Rivers Studios is a 16,000 sq. ft. complex with production and post-production operations. Williams hopes to attract Independent filmmakers and provide original programming that will lead to future licensing contracts.

Dr. Barbara Ross-Lee, sister of Diana Ross of The Supremes, became the first African American to be appointed dean of a predominantly white medical school in the United States. In 1993, Ross-Lee became the first African American woman dean of a United States medical school. She remained dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine of Ohio University until 2001.

Barbara Ross-Lee, Sister of Diana Ross. Academic administrator and osteopathic physician Dr. Barbara Ross-Lee was born on June in Detroit, Michigan, to Fred Ross, Sr. and Ernestine Moten.

Mr. & Mrs. Craft. She was very fair & posed as a white man and her husband who was dark posed as her slave. Together they escaped as master and slave as passengers on a riverboat.They escaped North and went to England until after the Civil War.

The 5 Most Badass Ways People Escaped from Slavery

Ellen and William Craft escaped slavery in the American south. Ellen could pass for white so she pretended to be a white male slave owner on a trip with her black slave William. They traveled first class all the way.

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