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Originating in Germanic folklore as early as the 1600s, Krampus is believed to be a beastial creature who accompanies St. Nicholas on his earthly journey. While St. Nicholas rewards the good children with gifts and sweets, Krampus dispenses punishment to the wicked children who have strayed from the path of good. It is said he takes care of St. Nick's "naughty list."

@Stacy Stone Stone Vanderburg This is Krampus. In the folklore of Alpine cultures, Krampus comes along with St. Nick on Christmas. Good children get presents, and bad children get stuffed in a satchel by a black demon, carried home to his lair and roasted alive. Now BE GOOD.

Hortus Sanitatis was the most popular and influential herbal of its time, and served as an encyclopaedia of all knowledge and folklore on plants, animals, and minerals. It combines elements of natural history with subjects traditionally found in herbals, and includes many mythical creatures. Many of the woodblock engravings were taken from the German ‘Herbarius’ (1485), itself derived from earlier herbals, repeating many of their errors.

French postcard dated 1900 that depicts two young children who worked as acrobatic performers with a traveling circus.