Clara Barton (1821-1912), the founder and first president of the American Red Cross, acquired her broad skill set of urgent medical care, long-term care for invalids, locating and reuniting lost family members and soldiers, etc. through “on-the-job training” during some of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. Civil Wars, Red Crosses, American Red, Bloodiest Battle, Medical Care, Skills Sets, Lost Families, Clara Barton, Families Members
Clara Barton.1821–1912, American humanitarian, organizer of the American Red Cross, b. North Oxford (now Oxford), Mass. She taught school (1839–54) and clerked in the U.S. Patent Office before the outbreak of the Civil War. She then established a service of supplies for soldiers and nursed in army camps and on the battlefields. She was called the Angel of the Battlefield.
Anna L. Clapp, 1875. As president of the Ladies’ Union Aid Society in St. Louis, Clapp worked tirelessly to care for injured and sick soldiers during the Civil War. She obtained contracts from the U.S. Surgeon General to secure medical supplies, and she encouraged the Unionist women of StL to work in military hospitals. She helped establish the Lawson Hospital, which provided food, shelter, education, and medical care to thousands of black and white refugees of the war. Missouri History Museum