The Code of Hammurabi (Codex Hammurabi, originated 1760 BCE in Ancient Babylon) is an ancient law code that predates the Law of Moses (1312 BCE), also known as the Mosaic Law/Torah (Jews) or Old Testament (Christians). Hammurabi's Code was created by the Babylonian king Hammurabi on seven foot tall, black diorite steel and depicts the king receiving the law from, Shamash, the Babylonian God of Justice Ancient History, Ancient Culture, Ancient Babylonian, Babylonian King, Ancient People, Babylonian God, Hammurabi Codes, Codes D Hammurabi, Codes Of Hammurabi
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Hammurabi Codex Stele (1760 B.C.) basalt, standing nearly 2 meters tall, it is the first known written set of laws in history. Topped with a relief of Hammurabi, the first king of the Babylonian Empire, raising his hand to his mouth in respect to the god, likely to have been Marduk.
The Code of Hammurabi - Babylon, Mesopotamia. The Hammurabi Stele, bearing the Codex Hammurabi, an early Babylonian legal code. This was not, however, the earliest legal code in ancient Mesopotamia. It is predated by several others such as the Codes of Urukagina, Ur-Nammu and Lipit-Ishtar.
Stele with law code of Hammurabi, from Susa, Iran ca 1780 bce
The Code of Hammurabi, the Sixth Babylonian king (1792-1750 BCE), 282 laws. Hammurabi standing before the sun-god Shamash. Originally from Babylon, found at Susa, Iran. One of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The Code consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis) as graded depending on social status, of slave versus free man. Inscribed in the Akkadian language, using cuneiform script.
About 300 years after Hammurabi, in 1440 B.C., Moses recorded the Law for the Israelites. Because the Mosaic Law contains some similarities to Hammurabi’s Code, some critics of the Bible believe that Moses copied from the Hammurabian Code. If they’re right, and Moses simply stole from the Babylonians.